The European species Fagus sylvatica yields a utility timber that is tough but dimensionally unstable. The beech tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown. Flowers and Fruit The American beech flowers in the early spring just as its leaves are unfolding. There was a Beech tree on the old stage road between Blountville and Jonesborough, Tennessee that had an inscription carved into the trunk that read "D. Boone Cilled A Bar On Tree In Year 1760." Tree & Plant Care. Beech trees grow in abundance on our land, and we forage edible and nutritious beechnuts each fall. The male flowers are small and yellow and clustered together into ball-like structures. There are 13 species of beech. Does not tolerate wet or compacted soil; drought sensitive and must be watered well in dry periods. Identifying Beech Trees. They are small, roughly triangular and edible, with a bitter, astringent, or mild and nut-like taste. A glass bowl of fresh autumn fruit on white wash beech wood rustic look background. Seeds of the deciduous tree. The thin bark is smooth and steel-gray in colour. They are slightly triangular in appearance, and usually have what appears to be small hairs coming from their husks. To identify a beech tree, look for a tree with smooth grey bark. Space for text Beech (Fagus sp.) Add Tip Ask Question Comment Download. These leaves decompose relatively slowly and are, therefore, found in thick layers on the soil surface beneath the trees. Light background, autumn, beechnut, brown, closeup, dry, fagus, sylvatica, fall, forest. Beech nuts are the fruit of the Beech tree, and tend to be small, making them difficult to find. Step 2: Look for Leaves. The leaves of beech trees are used Beech trees are antibacterial, and they were traditionally used by Native Americans for treating tuberculosis. Its leaves are simple, alternate, and oval with widely-spaced, serrated edges. Tolerant of higher pH soils than American beech. Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae. American beech is a long-lived, slow-growing tree that can reach tall heights (60 to 100 feet), large diameters (3 to 4 feet) and grow massive, dense crowns; however, it is likely best known for its smooth, gray bark – a favorite for carving initials. The American Beech Tree (Fagus gradifolia) is native to the United States and is particularly abundant throughout the State of Georgia. Handsome foliage develops a golden bronze color in the fall. The toothed parallel-veined leaves are shiny green and are borne alternately along the stem. Trees reach 50 to 60 feet high and 35 to 45 feet wide. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acidic or basic, provided they are not waterlogged; but prefers chalky soils and limestone. Best in full sun to part shade in well drained soils. The fruit of the beech tree, known as beechnuts or mast, is found in small burrs that drop from the tree in autumn. Those same antibacterial leaves are also used as a poultice for burns. The leaves are shiny green in the summer, and turn copper-colored in the fall. Autumn fruit harvest. They are native to temperate Europe, Asia and North America. Follow the trunk up to find ovate leaves with points along the sides, about 2 to 6 inches long. The tree fell in 1916 and had a girth of 28-1/2 feet. American beech's graceful, spreading form is superior to other beeches and is attractive throughout the year. Beech trees are tall, round-headed, and wide-spreading. Introduction: American beech is a distinctive and elegant forest tree in Kentucky and throughout eastern North America.In early spring new leaves emerge from buds as feathery tassels. American Beech Tree Bark, Leaf, Flowers, Fruit & Nut Identification & Facts. Beech tree fruit on a light table. 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