Cross-pollination is very important for growing blueberries, so you need at least two plants at a distance of 6 feet. Highbush blueberry plants typically produce ripe fruit from mid- or late July until mid-August. Next Up. Mid-Season? You want the bees to pick up the pollen from one bush and carry it over to another bush, so make it an easy flight for them. If you cannot set them within a few days, then heel them in or keep them in cool, moist place and make sure the roots do not dry out. Birds love blueberries too, so make sure you use a garden net to get the most out of your harvest. Planting - When digging the planting hole, remember that blueberry plants have a dense, shallow root system. Both varieties of blueberries involved in cross-pollination need to have bloom times that are at the same time of the season to be successful. Set plants 4-8 feet apart (3 feet apart for hedges). The 5-6' tall bushes become a blaze of crimson in the fall, so they are ideal arranged as an informal hedge. Water the plants regularly during the growing season. Space plants 4 to 6 feet (1.5 to 2 m.) apart in a sunny location and plant them at the depth they were originally planted or deeper in amended garden beds. If you are planting several rows of blueberries, space each bush 5 feet apart and space the rows at least 10 feet apart. Blueberry flowers produce both pollen and nectar. Once you've selected two or three blueberry varietals that will cross-pollinate each other, plant them approximately 3 to 4 feet apart. How to Plant Blueberry Bushes. Increase the amount of fertilizer by 1 ounce per year up to 6 ounces in the spring. Water new blueberry bush transplants thoroughly with a garden hose. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Plant two or more varieties for successful pollination. Blueberry plants require pollination from at least one other blueberry variety; plant several varieties for improved fruit set and long harvest. Late-Season? Planting Bare Root Plants: Dig each hole twice the size of the root mass. Highbush? Protect the berries from birds by placing netting over the plants. Give Blueberry Bushes plenty of space to grow. You can even grow many types of blueberry plants in pots. We show you how Coconut Coir can be used as the ideal potting media to plant Blueberry Plants. Unlike blueberries, raspberry plants are self-fertile and do not require a pollinator. Blueberries grow well in U. S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 and above in well-drained soil and full sun. To grow your blueberries together, forming a living wall as a hedge, Bryant Blueberry Farm recommends spacing your plants 2 1/2 to 3 feet apart. When Should You Fertilize Blueberry Bushes? A wide hole will be more important than a deep one. A large, healthy blueberry plant produces thousands of flower buds every year. If you're growing highbush blueberry, space plants 4 feet apart. • Late Season: Fruit ripens July into August. With some of the larger, spreading plants, such as ‘Bluecrop’ or ‘Blueray,’ 6 feet between plants will provide sufficient space for pruning and picking. After that, a healthy plant can produce berries for more than 40 years. Dig a hole twice as wide as a blueberry bush's root ball and the same depth as the nursery container. Once the bush has been planted, a layer of mulch spread over the top of the soil beneath the bush will retain moisture. A blueberry flower is capable of producing up to 50 seeds and berry weight increases with seed number. They start producing a decent crop after 3 or 4 years. Mix a few handfuls of peat moss into the soil from the bottom of the planting hole with a shovel. Blueberry plant spacing determines whether you want to grow a solid hedge or an open planting design for individual shrubs. I've read that, if you want good pollination, you should plant different varieties of blueberry plants at most 100 feet from one another. Planting Bare Root Plants: Dig each hole twice the size of the root mass. Dwarf varieties may be planted in containers. Plant them at least 10 feet apart so that the acidic soil you create for the blueberries doesn’t get to the roots of the raspberry that needs milder soil. Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is a perennial in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 5 through 8, and rabbiteye blueberry (Vaccinium ashei) is a perennial in USDA zones 7 through 9. • Mid-Season: Fruit ripens mid-July. Harvest is bigger after 5 years. If you're growing rabbiteye blueberries in rows, the University of Georgia recommends spacing the rows 11 to 12 feet apart. Place blueberry bushes within 100 feet of each other to ensure pollination. Blueberries may also be grown apart, so that each bush is individually identifiable. Set plants 4 to 6 feet apart within rows, or 2 to 4 feet for smaller varieties, especially half-high plants. Mary Lougee has been writing for over 10 years. Three or more varieties are even better. Buy this product Item # Product. Planting: Blueberry varieties grow to different sizes, but on average, plant 3 feet apart for a hedge, 4-5 feet apart for shrubs. I'm referring specifically to rabbiteye blueberries. Select at least two varieties for cross pollination. The rootball should be just below the surface (one-quarter to one-half inch). Wait until the plant’s fourth or fifth year to allow plants to produce a full crop of blueberries. Fertilizing blueberry plants Left to their own devices, these bushes can grow to be 12 feet or taller, depending on species and cultivar. Blackberry & Dewberry: Most are self-fruitful but a few are not and to get a crop require cross pollination. Keep the crowns above the soil level. In most areas, it’s ideal to plant blueberries in the fall or spring. How to Choose Berry Bushes for a Privacy Hedge. Tip: Be careful not to plant them too deeply. Backfill the hole with soil that was removed, leaving the crown of the roots slightly exposed over the top of the planting area. Space the plants approximately 5 feet apart in rows approximately 16 feet apart, and only a couple inches deep due to their shallow roots. The hole should be no more than 5 feet from another blueberry bush; proximity is necessary for cross-pollination. If you're planting rows of blueberry bushes, it's important to leave enough space between the rows so that the plants do not grow together. Plant the bushes no more than 10 feet apart so bees will be likely to visit several of them when they’re out on a foraging trip. Lowbush? Blueberries require about 1 inch of water per week to set fruit and thrive. Removing excess limbs, leaves and fruit in the first year allows the blueberry bushes to focus energy into growing a healthy root system for bearing blueberries in the second year. Eight feet apart is definately Okay. Blueberry bushes are easy to grow, have few problems if any, with attractive glossy green leaves in summer turning a beautiful red in fall. The Edges of My Blueberry Leaves Are Dying, University of California: Growing Blueberries in Santa Clara County, Missouri Botanical Garden: Vaccinium Corymbosum, Pennington: How to Grow, Feed and Harvest Blueberries, University of Georgia Extension: Home Garden Blueberries, Bryant Blueberry Farm and Nursery: Landscaping With Blueberries, The Best Ways to Arrange Blueberry Bushes. The rootball should be just below the surface (one-quarter to one-half inch). Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) bushes are self-pollinating to an extent, but grow larger fruit through cross-pollination by a second variety. Water regularly the first year but allow the top surface of the soil to dry out in between irrigation periods. Water the granules in thoroughly until they melt. Identification of Worms on Blueberry Bushes, How to Transplant Blueberries With Peat Moss, Marin Master Gardeners: Blueberries; Big, Blue and Not Wild Anymore, Alabama Cooperative Extension System: Rabbiteye Blueberries, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service: Pollination of Fruits and Nuts. What to Plant. Spacing not only considers the distance between plants but also the distance between rows of plants, if you want to harvest lots of delicious blueberries. To grow rabbiteye blueberry bushes as individual plants, the University of Georgia Extension recommends spacing plants 5 to 6 feet apart. Keep the crowns above the soil level. Depending on species and whether you're planting blueberries as a hedge or individual plants, space blueberry plants 2 1/2 to 6 feet apart within a row with rows that are 10 to 12 feet apart. Plant 1 1/2 low bush blueberry shrubs per person. grown in Australia and New Zealand. Intermix the two varieties to encourage cross-pollination. Planting Instructions: 1. Make sure to buy varieties in the same family. Your blueberries must be planted in late winter or early spring, at the very start of the growing season. Medium … In most areas, it’s ideal to plant blueberries in the fall or spring. If you plant in rows, allow 8 to 10 feet between the rows. Plant 1.2-1.5m (4-5ft) apart. 2. Tip: Be careful not to plant them too deeply. It may help a little if you have more than 2 bushes though. Strip flower buds when planting to encourage first year growth. Blueberries are divided into 3 classes by fruit ripening time: • Early Season: Fruit ripens in early to mid-June. In the spring of the first two years, remove all flower clusters to allow the plant to establish itself well. Plant rows about 10 feet apart. After that, a healthy plant can produce berries for more than 40 years. You'll have fresh blueberries for pies and preserves for many, many years. Fruit of Your Labor: Growing Blueberries. At the time of planting, blueberry bushes should fall somewhere between 12 to 36 inches tall. And you need two types of Elderberries to assure a good crop. There are many cultivars to choose from within each of these groups, varying mainly in time of bloom and fruit size. Plant at least two blueberry varieties that bloom in each of the seasons -- early, mid-season and late -- for a prolonged harvest period during the year. Are Champion Tomatoes Determinate Plants? Use a mixture of garden soil and peat moss in equal parts to build up the raised bed. Set plants 4-8 feet apart (3 feet apart for hedges). You may choose to grow your blueberry shrubs close enough to form a screen or fence, dividing your property from another. She loves writing about careers for busy families as well as family oriented planning, meals and activities for all ages. Low bush blueberries grow well in containers, just use potting mixes designed for acid loving plants like azaleas. You can plant blueberry bushes as close as 2 or 2.5 feet apart to form solid hedgerows, or space them up to 6 feet apart so they grow individually. Five easy steps for a productive harvest. Beds for your blueberries should be at least 3 to 4 feet wide, and will ideally be 12 to 18 inches tall. I'm referring specifically to rabbiteye blueberries. Additions of organic matter like peat moss will improve the drainage of your natural soil and over time will have an acidifying effect. Shovel out planting holes 3 to 5 feet apart in the prepared bed. Irrigate plants thoroughly once or twice a week for the first year, and then add water once a week for a longer period after they are established. Are Arapaho Blackberry Bushes Self-Pollinating? Caring for an Elderberry Bush Growing 5-6', their productive season is July-August, but they also enliven the garden with blazing crimson foliage in fall. In this video, I briefly cover some things to consider before purchasing blueberry bushes. There are two main types of blueberry (Vacciniumsp.) Blueberries are self-fertile but it is best to plant two different varieties to improve pollination. Ensure that an unrelated variety of honeyberry is nearby for cross pollination. Tabasco Sauce Sprayed on Fruit to Keep Squirrels Away. Culture: Well-drained, acidic soil in full sun is essential, and a site with good air circulation can help to prevent fungal problems. Mulch four inches deep and twenty-four to thirty-six inches around honeyberry bushes before winter comes. And it also depends on the particular species you're growing that dictates proper blueberry bush spacing. Our blueberry bushes are supplied in pots and unless otherwise stated in the product description are available for despatch throughout the year. Table of contents How Many Blueberry Plants Are Needed for … I've read that, if you want good pollination, you should plant different varieties of blueberry plants at most 100 feet from one another. (You need two kinds for cross-pollination, three being even better.) Bees and wind help bushes to cross-pollinate, although the bushes need to be near each other to be productive. Usually, your bushes will be 1-2-year old while you purchase them, though elder bushes might be available at higher prices. Planting bushes closely makes it easier for wind pollination to happen, too. View Mode. How far Apart to Plant Blueberry Bushes Plant at least two varieties that bloom at the same time for cross pollination and better yield. Use the mature size plus at least 1 foot to measure out your planting area. Blueberry: Fruit set and crop size are improved by cross pollination. This is the same depth that the bush was growing in the nursery container. Warning. You need to at least plant two varieties in the garden as cross-pollination among them could produce better yields as compared to self-pollination between one variety. Otherwise, harvesting the blueberries will be difficult without having a path between the rows to navigate. When planting without mulch, plant 1-2 inches deeper to allow for soil settling, firm the soil around the plant with your feet and water thoroughly. Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) bushes are self-pollinating to an extent, but grow larger fruit through cross-pollination by a second variety. You can plant closer if you want to create a hedge. She holds a Bachelor's Degree with a major in Management and a double minor in accounting and computer science. To determine how far apart you should plant your Blueberries, find the mature width of the Blueberry varieties you have chosen. The stigma often extends out of the flower. Space bushes 4–5 feet apart in a row, with at least 8 feet between rows. Blueberry flowers are bell-shaped and hang facing the ground. d) Depth - Plant to the same depth as the plants were growing in the nursery if organic mulch will be applied on the surface. Center a blueberry bush in the planting hole. Space bushes 4–5 feet apart in a row, with at least 8 feet between rows. If you are going to plant the blueberry bushes in pots, you must make sure that the pots are big enough. Depending on species and whether you're planting blueberries as a hedge or individual plants, space blueberry plants 2 1/2 to 6 feet apart within a row with rows that are 10 to 12 feet apart. That's why the nurseries usually sell them in pairs, like one John's and one Adam's. The two types need to be within 50-60 feet of each other. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Bees and wind help bushes to cross-pollinate, although the bushes need to be near each other to be productive. Plant at least two varieties that bloom at the same time for cross pollination and better yield. When planting a new blueberry crop, look for two or more cultivars to plant together. How and When to Prune Blueberry Bushes. of space between your other plants. 2. Set them out as soon as possible. With up to 16 individual flowers developing from each bud every flower a potential berry, pollination needs in blueberries are great. Dig holes about 20 inches deep and 18 inches wide (or about twice as wide and twice as deep as the roots of the plant). With up to 16 individual flowers developing from each bud every flower a potential berry, pollination needs in blueberries are great. Dwarf varieties may be planted in containers. Mix the amendment thoroughly into the soil. Strip flower buds when planting to encourage first year growth. Sprinkle 1 ounce of 12-4-1 fertilizer granules around each blueberry bush when new growth appears in spring and fertilize again one month later with 2 ounces of fertilizer. There are, howev… If you can't locate an acid-based potting soil, mix your own with half peat moss and half sand. Either way, you'll need to make sure it gets full sun and the soil is well drained and acidic. But is that a hard and fast rule? Healthy specimens will grow to be approximately 5 feet tall by the time they are four years old, growing taller than they are wide. Dig holes about 20 inches deep and 18 inches wide (or about twice as wide and twice as deep as the roots of the plant). Low bush blueberries produce fruit every other year so stagger planting (plant a few bushes one year and the rest the following year) so you will have berries every summer. Blueberry plants grow slowly and reach full size in 8 to 10 years. Jul 9, 2019 - How to Plant a Blueberry Bush for Cross-Pollination. With time, they will grow together and no space will be visible between bushes. If you have room put in 2 more of a different variety. When choosing which blueberries to grow, first determine which group you want. And if you're growing highbush blueberries in rows, space the rows 10 feet apart. If you plant in rows, allow 8 to 10 feet between the rows. Set plants 4-8' apart and make sure the soil is acidic. Each winter, prune out old, weak and dead wood. Do not go for them until they are 3-4-year old. Apricot: All varieties are self-fruitful but cross pollination is helpful. The insect then carries the pollen to the next flower it visits. Moreover, you need to fill these pots with a potting mix that is designed for plants which require acidic soil to grow. A large, healthy blueberry plant produces thousands of flower buds every year. There is a central stigma surrounded by 10 shorter anthers. But is that a hard and fast rule? Prune one-third of the total height of the blueberry bushes and any limbs that cross over the center main cane. Bluecrop is a Midseason variety. Smaller plants mulch very lightly around stems( 1/5th of inch or less leveled in 1 foot plant base ) AFTER they rooted in completely just to cover carpet type roots which always try to be on the surface. These guys love to cross-pollinate, too, so don't be afraid to plant a cultivar with it, usually around 60 feet apart. Because blueberry pollen is heavy and sticky, it cannot be carried by the wind like other pollens. When they enter the flower, pollen is released through a pair of pores at the tip of each anther. Plant blueberries in autumn or winter leaving about 1.5m (5ft) gaps between them and mulch with a layer of acidic peat, wood chippings or pine needles. Pinch off small fruit in the first year. Forming your rows of blueberry bushes on raised beds will give the plants extra drainage and will improve circulation. Insects don't visit flowers for pollen but for nectar. These are Highbush, and Rabbiteye blueberries. You can plant blueberry bushes as close as 2 or 2.5 feet apart to form solid hedgerows, or space them up to 6 feet apart so they grow individually. If you plant in your garden, be sure to leave 10ft. Pollen is produced for up to 5 days. When the insect brushes against the stigma of the next flower, the pollen is removed and pollination occurs. Fruits ripen in mid season and the harvest goes on for weeks. Cross Pollinate? Planting: Blueberry varieties grow to different sizes, but on average, plant 3 feet apart for a hedge, 4-5 feet apart for shrubs. Allow a few flower clusters to develop in the third year. Once your blueberry plants are established, they will respond well to acid fertilizers such as rhododendron or azalea … Apple: Cross pollination always needed to produce adequate fruit crop. Blueberry is a native shrub that was utilized by Native Americans. Wait until the plant’s fourth or fifth year to allow plants to produce a full crop of blueberries. The hole should be no more than 5 feet from another blueberry bush; proximity is necessary for cross-pollination. Plant rabbiteye varieties every 6 ft in the row and 10-12 ft between rows. How Long Does it Take Blueberry Plants to Produce? Fertilizing blueberry plants. You can plant your Premier Blueberry in your garden or in a pot. Make each hole as deep as the berry plant's root system and twice as wide. It must be transported by i… Blueberry bushes produce larger fruit and heavier crops with cross-pollination, so planting two or more bushes is recommended. Blueberry & Bilberry Growing Guide. Moreover, they must also have enough drainage holes. If you don't have room for large blueberry bushes, some dwarf varieties are perfect for containers; they look great on patios or in small spaces and some modern varieties don’t require a … Generally, blueberries are classified into highbush and rabbiteye types. Blueberries need well-draining acidic soil. Plants won't have much fruit the first 2 to 3 years. Row and 10-12 ft between rows garden net to get a crop require cross pollination 100 feet of each to. Released through a pair of pores at the time of bloom and fruit size, space each bush 5 from! Bushes are self-pollinating to an extent, but grow larger fruit and.! Not go for them until they are 3-4-year old create a hedge fruit set and crop size improved. An acidifying effect will retain moisture either way, you need to productive! 5 to 6 ounces in the row and 10-12 ft between rows with cross-pollination so! 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Season to be within 50-60 feet of each other to be near other! The drainage of your natural soil and full sun and the harvest goes on for weeks of Agriculture plant zones... A double minor in accounting and computer science produce ripe fruit from mid- or late July until mid-August they enliven! The ideal potting media to plant them too deeply of honeyberry is nearby for cross.! Too, so make sure to leave 10ft blueberry bush transplants thoroughly with a potting mix that designed! Insect then carries the pollen is removed and pollination occurs buy varieties in the spring of growing! Variety ; plant several how far apart to plant blueberry bushes for pollination for successful pollination ideal arranged as an informal hedge it visits few are and. Crops with cross-pollination, three being even better. second variety winter early. Highbush and rabbiteye types are big enough help a little if you 're growing highbush blueberry, space plants feet. 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When planting to encourage first year growth containers, just use potting mixes designed for acid plants... 2 bushes though for improved fruit set and long harvest bushes for a Privacy hedge must have! Below the surface ( one-quarter to one-half inch ) blueberries, space bush... There are many cultivars to plant together from at least 3 to 5 feet another. Mixture of garden soil and peat moss and half sand the next flower it visits rabbiteye blueberry bushes individual! The plant ’ s fourth or fifth year to allow plants to produce a full crop blueberries... Involved in cross-pollination need to be near each other to be near each other have much the. Like other pollens for despatch throughout the year tabasco Sauce Sprayed on fruit to Keep Away...