After Babur’s death, his incompetent son, Humayun, lost most of the territory Babur had gained. In the next coming post, we will read about the reign of Humayun. Home ›› Babur ›› Founder ›› Indian History ›› Medieval Period ›› Mughul Dynasty. But the administration of Babur was less structured. He was eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza., governor of Farghana. Babur’s personality can be judged by his own memoirs Tuzk-i-Baburi, also known as Babur Namah, written in Turkish, personally transcribed by his son Humayun, and afterwards translated into Persian during the reign of Akbar. 26 December 1530] 1531, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Humayun. Babur had four children by Maham Begum, of whom only one survived infancy. The old administrative machinery of the Sultanate of Delhi had crumbled as the result of the Mughal attack, but […] A year later, Babur also defeated a massive rajput army. He defeated Sher Shah at the battle of Chausa in 1529. [48] Babur later married Mubaraka Yusufzai, a Pashtun woman of the Yusufzai tribe. He advised his eldest son Humayun to improve his language and work hard to build up himself. Babur was not content with ruling over the small kingdom of Farghana. At the Panipat battle, Babur's guns and fine skills as a commander brought him a well deserved victory which changed the course of Indian history. is done on EduRev Study Group by Class 7 Students. Babur had created a system of administration that could function very well in the time of war only. He was born in A.D. 1483. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babar, founder of the Mughal dynasty in India was an excellent general and a wise ruler. Mughal Emperor, Babur was successful as a soldier and conqueror. Afterward, she died, he married her late wife’s niece Khandaza Begum through whom he fathered five daughters and a son. Most notably so in the rite of the transfer of illness that Babur had performed in the 15th century to save his terminally ill son Humayun form death but a rite that in end led to his own death. February 14] 1483 — January 5 [O.S. This was his eldest son and heir, Humayun. Babur, full name Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur (14 February 1483 – 26 December 1530) was founder of Mughal Empire in Indian subcontinent. Considered as one of the finest Mughal emperors, Babur succeeded in securing the dynasty's position in Delhi after a series of sultanates failed to consolidate their seats and his empire went on to rule for over 300 years in India. Named after the second son of Changej Khan. So, Babur established a tradition of gardens with running water or Charbagh Style of Architecture. Babur nominated his son Humayun as his successor and died on 26 December 1530 A.D. He rapidly lost the empire. Babur was followed by his son Humayun who was a bad emperor, a better poet, and a drug addict. Babur was a brilliant general. Humayun jhaanan@gmail.com THE MEMOIRS OF BABUR. In the autumn of 1530, Babur fell ill. His brother-in-law conspired with some of the Mughal court nobles to seize the throne after Babur's death, bypassing Humayun, Babur's eldest son and appointed heir. Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. Hambly writes that Humayun, the eldest son of Babur, was dispatched to seize Sultan Ibrahim's household and treasure at Agra while Babur… He was buried at Aram Bagh in Agra but later on was removed and buried in Kabul at the place chosen by himself during his lifetime. Thank you so much. Babur has written about the wedding of Sultan Mahmud Mirza to Khanzada Begum who was the daughter of Mir of Tirmiz. He died at the age of 47 in 1531, and was succeeded by Humayun. Tughlaq Dynasty Important Points Study Notes; Humayun: 1530 – 1540) Humayun was the son of Babur.He ascended the throne of the Mughal Empire in 1530. Inside the Gardens of Babur in Kabul, Afghanistan. Babur is one of the most remarkable personalities in the history of Medieval India. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty in India, was the son of Shiekh Umar Mirza, the ruler of Farghana. Babur wasn't about to let his son die before him, so he prayed to Allah to transfer his son's illness to him. Babur’s son Humayun (birth name Nasir al-Din Muhammad; reigned 1530–40 and 1555–56) lost control of the empire after a rebellion led by the Afghan soldier of fortune Sher Shah of Sur expelled him from India. Humayun's victory was harder fought than the previous skirmishes, but it was still a decisive victory. Babur-nama. He came from two lines of famous rulers. Humayun was the son of Babur and succeeded Babur after 1530. Gulnar Aghacha and Nargul Aghacha were two Circassian slaves given to Babur as gifts by Tahmasp Shah Safavi, the Shah of Persia. A portrait of Babur, from an early illustrated manuscript of the Baburnama 1589-90. Gulrukh bore Babur two sons, Kamran and Askari, and Dildar Begum was the mother of Babur's youngest son, Hindal. Stay Connected. Over one hundred prisoners of war were captured along with around eight war elephants. Sitting on the throne of Fargana. But in the battle of Kannauj/Bilgram … Salman Khurshid at the screening of play 'Sons of Babur', which was staged at Siri Fort on April 11, 2011. 26 December 1530] 1531, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Humayun. In accordance to his will, his body was moved to Kabul, Afghanistan there it lies in Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens). Son was Nasir-ud-din Muhammed Humayun ( meaning the fortunate ) from his wife Maham Begum, of whom one. With around eight war elephants 1508 or 1519 ) next coming post we. Answers of Babur ”, Oxford, UK – www.biographyonline.net ] Babur later married Yusufzai... Done on EduRev Study Group by Class 7 Students as gifts by Shah... ( Babur Gardens ) screening of play 'Sons of Babur ’ s hate his. 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