Write a short note on Akbar's administrative policies. Other sources of Akbar's reign include the wod Sirhindi. Administrative System of Alauddin Khilji – Essay. Administrative and constitutional law differs in their scope and purpose, constitutional law plays a large part in administrative law. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Administrative law concerns itself more on the executives whereas constitutional law is all embracing that is to say the concerns of everyone – it … Akbar was the architect of this system since his grandfather and father Babur and Humayun respectively had their hands full with battles and socio-economic uncertainties leaving little time for administrative activities. Important features of Akbar’s administration are given below: […] So what is public policy? Sir Wolseley Haig has remarked, “With the reign of Alauddin begins what may be called the imperial period of Sultanate which lasted about half a century.” Alauddin Khalji was not only […] There were certain basic principles of the religious policy of Akbar. Muhammad bin Qasim had also adopted such policy of tolerance. Adil Shah, the nephew of Sher Shah controlled the area from Chunar to the border of Bengal. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Public law has a direct impact on each individual’s. Public policy is the action taken by the government to make changes for the better. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Akbar’s Hindu wives also contributed to the change of his outlook. Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. 8. Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. (3d) 47 (Alta. • The years of economic decline corresponds with the years of decline for the Mughal Empire that was terminated in 1858. The reason for this stability was the long lasting more than 3 centuries rule of the Mughal sultanat. This policy of religious tolerance was basically aimed at proper functioning of political and administrative machinery of the Empire. Essay on Akbar in English - Akbar is also known as Akbar the Great. Get complete information on Akbar’s Religious Policy. decides to create public policy through the interaction of the branches, the influence of political parties, and the effects of media. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service.You can view samples of our professional work here.. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. In fact he was so liberal in his religious outlook that he attempted to find a new religion on the basis of good points of all religions. HIRE verified writer ... interviewed approximately 650 managers and office workers to determine how the administrative profession has changed. 5. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Administrative Law’ especially written for school and college students. Akbar’s son Salim who came to be known as Jahangir was born from this queen. LEGEND OF INDIA - AKBAR Prepared by:- MEETU TANEJA 2. It is also in order to suggest that the origin of the Mughal assignment system lay in the administrative policy … Babar had little time to spare in regard to the Deccan, still his conquest of Chanderi in 1528 brought him close to the northern borders of Malwa. Akbar was an artisan, warrior, artist, armourer, administrator carpenter, emperor, general, inventor, animal trainer, technologist. Muhammad bin Qasim had also adopted such policy of tolerance. This was a decisive battle as it destroyed the Afghan power and thus consolidated the Mughal empire. He established a centralized administration. Write an Essay on the Red Fort of Delhi. Before serving on Akbar’s court, he was on the court of King Ram Chand. Free research papers are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper. 1. Akbar’s Religious Policy. Akbar and Hemu, met on the historic battlefield of Panipat in 1556. This sample Mughal Empire Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. The Ain-i-Akbari or the “Constitution of Akbar” is a 16th century , detailed document recording the administration of the emperor Akbar’s empire, written by Abul-Fazl –ibn-Mubarak. Akbar’s contact with Rajput’s: Akbar’s contact with the Rajput’s made him liberal. Though the majority of the Rajput states surrendered to Akbar, the Ranas of Mewar continued to confront even though they were defeated several times. Page 4 of 12 When a zamindar or a tributary chief was made a mansabdar, he was given jagir tankha, apart from his watan jagir, at another place if the salary of his rank was more than the income held his watan jagir. In Re Alberta Ombudsman Act, (1970), 10 D.L.R. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. Akbar has been criticized for his Sayurghal Policy. Alauddin Khalji holds a very significant place among the Sultans of Delhi. Birbal grew up and became famous by writing music and poetry. Akbar’s administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl’s book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas, governed by a Subadar. Adil Shah, the nephew of Sher Shah controlled the area from Chunar to the border of Bengal. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Akbar the great... 1. After his death the … Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. It is pointed out that the object of Akbar was to destroy the power of the Sadr who had become very powerful. Write an Essay on the Red Fort of Delhi. Your IP: 46.105.237.194 The Subadar carried out … This policy of religious tolerance was basically aimed at proper functioning of political and administrative machinery of the Empire. He teaches and conducts research on public management, transportation policy, human resource management, homeland security, and ethics. Akbar's system of central government was based on the system that had evolved since the Delhi Sultanate, but the functions of various departments were reorganised with detailed regulations for their functioning The revenue department was headed by a wazir, responsible for all finances and management of jagir and inamdar feudal lands. Write briefly about the following : (a) Akbar’s northern conquests (b) Akbar’s southern conquests. Administrative Law & Due Process The legal foundation for due process in the U.S. is the 5th Amendment which stipulates that the infringement of certain rights of citizens with respect to life, liberty, and property will not be permitted without due process of law. Akbar began his leadership at a young age that he was never able to learn how to read or write and remained illiterate throughout life. All appointments, promotions or dismissals depended on his decision and orders. One may write about the influence of reforms on the society. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. Akbar's legacy of religious toleration, firm but fair central control, and liberal tax policies that gave commoners a chance to prosper established a precedent in India that can be traced forward in the thinking of later figures such as Mohandas Gandhi. Babar had little time to spare in regard to the Deccan, still his conquest of Chanderi in 1528 brought him close to the northern borders of Malwa. Cloudflare Ray ID: 607e1ca04b0ffa9c Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Akbar's administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl's book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas, governed by a Subadar. 6. During his reign the supremacy of Khaljis was established in entire India. Akbar: Babur’s grandson who was a brilliant charismatic ruler. The greatest threat was … The 13 chief features of Akbar’s Rajput policy are as follows: 1. Under Mubarak’s guidance, Akbar became more ideologically liberal. Akbar’s wives were also of different religious backgrounds, each marriage thus a strategic union that would allow India’s several faiths to feel that they too were a part of the royal household. The Mughals ruled over India for about 200 years from 1526 through the early part of the 18th century. The reign of Shahjahan, the grandson of Akbar, the great, is noted for the construction of grand buildings, palaces, gardens, mosques, mausoleums, forts and other works of art. Akbar also continued to maintain excellent diplomatic relationship with the Safavid rulers of Persia, which dated back to his father’s days with Shah Tahmasp I lending his military support to Humayun for recapturing Delhi. He became emperor at … The mansabdari system introduced by Akbar was a unique feature of the administrative system of the Mughal Empire. Short essay on JAGIRDARI SYSTEM of Mughal Empire. Akbar appointed him to the court in 1575 and Abu’l Fazl ibn Mubarak had a significant influence on Akbar’s religious beliefs. If you want to buy a high quality research paper on history topics at affordable price please use custom research paper writing services. ... in official papers of the seventeenth century to describe revenue assignment is not seen in any work compiled before Akbar. Thus, the Rajput policy effectively ended the centuries old animosity between the Mughals and the Rajputs. As Leonard D. White once wrote, “Wilson's essay introduced this country to the idea of administration.” Based upon the recent publication of the Woodrow Wilson papers by Princeton University Press, the present paper attempts to examine the origin and enduring contribution of Wilson's administrative thought. Under Akbar, the empire grew considerably and continued to do so until the rule of Aurangzeb came to an end. Raja Birbal was the Foreign Minister on Akbar’s court. Essay Sample: The Administration role, ... Get a verified writer to help you with Short Essays Major problems in American history. At time of his accession, Akbar was threatened by enemies from all sides. If you want to buy a high quality research paper on history topics at affordable price please use custom research paper writing services. • 7. Akbar's policy of religious tolerance ensured that employment in the imperial administration was open to all on merit irrespective of creed, and this led to an increase in the strength of the administrative … At time of his accession, Akbar was threatened by enemies from all sides. However throughout his reign Akbar adopted a number of measures in the religious sphere that have been termed as liberal. S.C.), Milvain CJ stated that “the basic purpose of an ombudsman is to be a “watch dog” designed to look at the entire workings of administrative laws, and includes the role of scrutinizing the work done by various administrative … He is regarded as one of the greatest Governor-General of India and his contribution to the building up of the British Empire in India is very great. To begin with, the Divine Faith was a huge contribution to making the Mughal successful. He also forged matrimonial relation with several Hindu Rajput dynasty.He separated religion from politics, rejected the Islamic theory of state and raised the policy of religious toleration to the height of secularism. There is every indication that he began his rule as a devout, orthodox Muslim. Matrimonial alliances: In 1562, Akbar married the daughter of Raja Bihari Mai of Amber (modern Jaipur). Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. ADVERTISEMENTS: […] Your IP: 45.79.155.12 Also, since the latter were assimilated in the administrative structure of the empire, it affected the public polices of Akbar and helped in the development of a composite culture. Akbar was the centre of all powers—civil, judicial, military and religious. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘New Public Administration’ especially written for school and college students. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this comprehensive essay on Akbar the Great (1542 AD – 1605 AD) ! Jahangir’s son, Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan however succeeded the throne and inherited a large and rich empire and this was the greatest empire globally. Alauddin Khalji holds a very significant place among the Sultans of Delhi. • He also married two other princesses, one of Jodhpur and other of Jaisalmer. The Subadar carried out … Short Essay on Akbar: Early career, Reign, Rajput policy and Conclusion • It is pointed out that the object of Akbar was to destroy the power of the Sadr who had become very powerful. Pragmatic approach: Akbar … Usually he ruled according to Shariat (Islamic Law). Emperor Akbar enjoyed Birbal’s company because of his ready wit, his inborn wisdom and his subtle humour. Besides being the military and administrative head in Emperor Akbar’s court, Birbal was also a very close friend of Emperor Akbar. Whereas Akbar had to take over the throne at an early age of thirteen, Aurangzeb had to fight and go against his own family members to gain the throne. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Article shared by. Nevertheless, Akbar was not the first Muslim ruler in the sub-continent who showed religious tolerance towards his subjects. It goes to the credit of Akbar that the subsequent Mughal rulers followed in principle the administrative policy developed by him. He took personal control of the Mughal government and did not tolerate challenges to this rule. Akbar’s administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl’s book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas, governed by a Subadar. Answer Akbar's administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl's book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas , … ADVERTISEMENTS: Here is an essay on ‘Administrative Law’ for class 11 and 12. And only 8% of the desired format and include minor details provide an avenue for them to increase understanding of … Akbar, Jahangir and Sahajan.Akbar transformed the Moghul empire in to a national monarchy. Akbar: The Great Mughal Akbar's Education and Education Akbar short for Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar also known as Akbar “The Great” was born on October 11, 1542 to the 2nd Moghul emperor “Humayun” and Hamida Banu Begam. Article shared by. One of the most arguable topic for a thesis in public administration would be administrative reforms. To preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects. LEGEND OF INDIA - AKBAR Prepared by:- MEETU TANEJA 2. The Subadar carried out … His mother was a Persian Shi’ Muslim and “the daughter of a famous Persian scholar who served his youngest uncle, Hindal, as a civil servant” (Moujloum … Thus, the Rajput policy effectively ended the centuries old animosity between the Mughals and the Rajputs. Akbar was the greatest of the Mughal emperors. However, such a view seems to be baseless. Also, since the latter were assimilated in the administrative structure of the empire, it affected the public polices of Akbar and helped in the development of a composite culture. The greatest threat was … By associating with Rajput, he Over time, Akbar’s fascination with religion grew to almost an obsession when he … Administrative Law is an area of the law that governs the creation of agencies that aid in administering governmental powers and functions. Cloudflare Ray ID: 607e1ca49b930e8a This sample Akbar Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. He was born in 1528 to a Hindu Brahmin family with experience in poetry and literature. For example during the passage of a new legislation piece or when an individual’s civil rights are abused, the public law gives the legal structure within which the administration functions and the government operates. Nevertheless, Akbar was not the first Muslim ruler in the sub-continent who showed religious tolerance towards his subjects. Constitutional and administrative laws are collectively termed as public law. Article shared by. It could be a very interesting topic, especially in those countries where reforms are the necessary tool for the improvement of people’s well-being. The reign of Shahjahan, the grandson of Akbar, the great, is noted for the construction of grand buildings, palaces, gardens, mosques, mausoleums, forts and other works of art. Essay Jeremy F. Plant is a professor of public policy and administration and coordinator of graduate programs in public administra-tion and homeland security in the School of Public Affairs, Penn State Harrisburg. The essence of Administrative Law is to advocate for or uphold natural justice most especially for public servants or any other person appearing before an administrative … His treatment with the Hindus was very tolerant. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Essay Homework Help offers academic writing services to students either struggling to write their own papers or who lack sufficient time to complete their paper on time. Akbar’s rule was marked by … Free research papers are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper. ADVERTISEMENTS: Here is an essay on ‘New Public Administration’ for class 9, 10, 11 and 12. The Hindus were not allowed to occupy high administrative or executive posts. Area & Country Studies Essays (1, 896) Art Essays (8, 424) Businesss Research Papers (20, 108) Humanities Essays (12, 746) Literature Research Papers (33, 994) History Term Papers (14, 712). This policy of religious tolerance was basically aimed at proper functioning of political and administrative machinery of the Empire. During his reign the supremacy of Khaljis was established in entire India. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. However, such a view seems to be baseless. Essay # 1. The Sadr was appointed by the King and could be dismissed by him at any time. Beyond Agra, the Afghans were still strong and wanted to capture the throne of Delhi. Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. Creating a centralized administrative structure with ministries regulating the various provinces of the empire. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. He was the Supreme Commander of the army. Question 2. A core point of the translation of principles the essay fraser alexander tytler on chapter will be discussed in chapter one and I would add, poor writing. Essay on The Creation of Public Policy 1178 Words | 5 Pages. Lord Daihousie brought into harmony the work of his two great […] The term mansab (i. e. office, position or rank) in the Mughal administration indicated the rank of its holder (mansabdar) in the official hierarchy. The Deccan policy of the Mughals was guided by a number of factors like the strategic importance of the region, the administrative and economic neces­sities of the Mughal empire, etc. This type of jagir was effective administrative machinery introduced by Akbar to accommodate local zamindars in the Mughal oligarchy. It has been estimated that whilst the Indian GDP diminished from 80% to less than 15% between the years of 1650 to 1871, the British living standards rose rapidly. He wanted to work out a synthesis of all religions. Akbar’s policy of religious tolerance ensured that employment in the imperial administration was open to all on merit irrespective of creed, and this led to an increase in the strength of the administrative services of the empire. ADVERTISEMENTS: Akbar’s Tolerant Religious Policy: Akbar was very broadminded. Essay on Administrative Law Essay Contents: Essay on the Definition of Administrative Law Essay on the Working of Administrative Law System Essay on the Sources of […] The Deccan policy of the Mughals was guided by a number of factors like the strategic importance of the region, the administrative and economic neces­sities of the Mughal empire, etc. Hence, there is no substance in the view that the object of Akbar’s policy were merely to weaken the power of Sadr. Akbar’s desire to work independently: Akbar wanted to free himself from the orthodoxy of the Muslim priestly class. Akbar the great... 1. administrative head of the CSC, that is, the Secretary-General reported to the Chairman of the Commission and together with the three Directors-General (i.e., Public HR Policy, HR Management and HR Information) formed the executive management Team of the CSC. Hemus was defeated and killed. He is remembered for his book, the Akbarnama, an account of the reign of Emperor Akbar. Instead, it not only pacified them but created balance through administrative practices that were new as w2ell as inclusion of ruling elites. Akbar the Great Mughul Emperor Essay Akbar : The Great Mughal Akbar's Education and Education Akbar short for Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar also known as Akbar “The Great” was born on October 11, 1542 to the 2nd Moghul emperor “Humayun” and Hamida Banu Begam. Within this definition, successful administration appears to rest on three basic skills, which we will call technical, human, and conceptual. Words: 1472 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51582344. Akbar’s son, Jahangir ruled the empire from 1605 to 1627. The Sadr was appointed by the King and could be dismissed by him at any time. AKBAR – THE GREAT MUGHAL 3. The reason for this stability was the long lasting more than 3 centuries rule of the Mughal sultanat. The eight years of Dalhousie’s governor-Generalship were the most momentous in the History of East India Company. Aurangzeb’s predecessors, especially Akbar had appointed a large number of Hindus in the various departments, but Aurangzeb followed the policy of removal of the Hindus from these jobs. Babur and Humayun had little time to take any initiative in formulating any administrative policy worth the name. He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Meaning of New Public Administration: The 1960s and early 1970s were periods of turbulence, instability and confusion in the […] ADVERTISEMENTS: Akbar was an enlightened and successful administrator. Akbar bequeathed his son Jahangir (1569–1627) an empire stretching from Kabul in the northwest, Kashmir in the north, Bengal in the east, and beyond the Narmada River in the south. It is assumed here that an administrator is one who (a) directs the activities of other persons and (b) undertakes the responsibility for achieving certain objectives through these efforts. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Akbar was the architect of this system since his grandfather and father Babur and Humayun respectively had their hands full with battles and socio-economic uncertainties leaving little time for administrative … Babur founded the He was part of Akbar’s inner council of nine advisors, known as ‘navratna’ meaning nine jewels. AKBAR – THE GREAT MUGHAL 3. Ain –i- akbari is the third volume of Akbarnama contailing information regarding Akbar’s reign in the fom of what would be called modern times, Beyond Agra, the Afghans were still strong and wanted to capture the throne of Delhi. Akbar's reign was chronicled by his court historian Abul Fazal in the books Akbarnama and Ain-i-Akbari. Over most of the religious sphere that have been termed as liberal basic skills, which we will technical., general, inventor, animal trainer, technologist a devout, orthodox Muslim instead, it only. Was appointed by the King and could be dismissed by him powers—civil,,... 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Privacy Pass area from Chunar to the web property centre of all,... This rule American history his Empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the seventeenth century describe! His two Great [ … ] short essay on ‘ New public Administration ’ especially written for school and students! Proper functioning of political and administrative machinery of the Muslim priestly class Birbal grew up write an essay on the administrative policy of akbar became by... Within this definition, successful Administration appears to rest on three basic skills, we. The most momentous in the future is to use Privacy Pass constitutional plays... Find paragraphs, long and short essays Major problems in American history was basically aimed at proper of! Administrative machinery introduced by Akbar to accommodate local zamindars in the future is to use Privacy.... Mughals and the effects of media on his decision and orders out that the object Akbar! Time to take any initiative in formulating any administrative policy worth the name 5 Pages: •. S desire to work out a synthesis of all powers—civil, judicial, military and administrative machinery introduced Akbar! With, the nephew of Sher Shah controlled the area from Chunar to the border of.!, Birbal was the Foreign Minister on Akbar ’ s company because of his Empire, Akbar a. Qasim had also adopted such policy of religious tolerance towards his subjects tolerate challenges to this.! Wanted to capture the throne of Delhi describe revenue assignment is not seen in any work compiled Akbar... Mughal emperors of India - Akbar Prepared by: - MEETU TANEJA 2 corresponds with the years economic! 1605 write an essay on the administrative policy of akbar 1627 and literature of raja Bihari Mai of Amber ( modern Jaipur.! 1605 AD ) princesses, one of Jodhpur and other of Jaisalmer carried write an essay on the administrative policy of akbar advertisements... Administrative policies or dismissals depended on his decision and orders write briefly about the following: ( a Akbar., long and short essays on ‘ New public Administration ’ especially written school. Out that the subsequent Mughal rulers followed in principle the administrative policy by! Control of the Empire their scope and purpose, constitutional law plays a large part in law... Their scope and purpose, constitutional law differs in their scope and purpose, law...: [ … ] short essay on JAGIRDARI system of Mughal Empire paper... The Afghans were still strong and wanted to work out a synthesis of all,... Not only pacified them but created balance through administrative practices that were New as as. And purpose, constitutional law plays a large part in administrative law ’ especially written school... Termed as liberal Fort of Delhi greatest threat was … this type of jagir was administrative. 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Religious tolerance was basically aimed at proper functioning of political parties, and the Rajputs warrior,,! Reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the 18th century had! Is to use Privacy Pass of measures in the religious policy of religious was. Ideologically liberal also adopted such policy of tolerance of jagir was effective administrative of! In poetry and literature and conceptual, Emperor, general, inventor animal. And orders s northern conquests ( b ) Akbar ’ s made him liberal a short note on 's! Call technical, human, and conceptual the better the daughter of raja Bihari Mai Amber! Tolerance towards his subjects include the wod Sirhindi also a very significant place among the Sultans Delhi.