The higher the 'zat', the more prestigious was the noble's position in court and was larger his salary. He allowed the Rajput’s equality of status by contracting matrimonial with them. Do you agree with the view that the reversal of Akbar’s Rajput policy by Aurangzeb was responsible for the disintegration of the Mughal Empire? He provided liberty in the matter of religion to his Hindu wives and they were permitted to maintain their relations with their parental house. What were the main features of Akbar's administration? The Rajput originated from western, eastern, northern India and from some parts of Pakistan. Answer: His Policy of Conciliation and Synthesis: Akbar sought to bring about racial and religious conciliation in the country. Jiziya was abolished and the state services were opened for the Hindus, especially Rajput princes. When all Rajput princes accepted Akbar’s suzerainty, Maharana Pratap did not do so. Answer: The two steps are: He maintained friendly and family relations with Rajput. In 1527, Akbar defeated which ruler at Kahuna? The doors of the government service were closed for the Hindus. 5) Sketch the character of Nwoye. Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. Shah Jahan became the ruler in 1627 A.D. Mughal campaigns continued in the Deccan under Shah Jahan. The Sisodiya Rajputs refused to accept Mughal authority for a long time. He provided their own regions to them as Watan Jagir. Akbar adopted carrot and stick policy against Rajput states. He brought his cavalrymen for review, got them registered, their horses branded and then received money to pay them as salary. HI S T O RY AS S I G NME NT S T ANDARD 9 fo r th e 4 th o f De c e mb e r , 2 0 2 0 T h e Mu g h a l E mp i r e 1. Write two steps taken by Akbar to gain the loyalty of Rajputs. But those who refused to submit before him were suppressed with an iron hand. CBSE Guess having millions of pages of educational papers provided by various educational institutions, teachers and educators from India and abroad. At the site of the demolished temples, mosques were built. Write two steps taken by Akbar to gain the loyalty of Rajputs. He forbade the construction of new temples and to repair the old ones. • The mansabdar had to bring his cavalrymen for review, get them registered and get their horses branded. They were in fact more of Turks than of Mongols. Describe the main features and the reasons for Akbar's Rajput policy. On one hand, there is trouble brewing in the life of Jalal’s sister Bakshi Banu after the birth of her girl child. Few know that Mughal emperor Aurangzeb’s son Akbar accused him of a latent Hindu bias. 1. Rank and salary were determined by a numerical value called 'zat'. In 1562 he marries a Rajput princess, daughter of the Raja of Amber (now Jaipur). 20. Bhara Mal- the ruler of Amber married his daughter to Akbar. He ordered his governors of the provinces to demolish the temples of the Hindus within their area. The Rajput princess became the mother of Jahangir and exerted great influence on Akbar and his policy. Rajput Policy of Akbar shaped up by the following factors: To enter into the largest military labour market in India in order to suppress Afghans and to break the monopoly of Mughal nobles. He was given a command of 5,000 and his son and grand son were also admitted to high ranking the army. Name any two famous historians of Akbar’s period. Rajputs were treated at par with the Mughal nobility. Answer: Akbar Nama and Ain-i Akbari. It was because of their help that the Mughals were able to lay the foundation of an empire, which was undoubtedly the greatest, the wealthiest and the strongest in the world at that time. If step two above didn’t solve the problem, then after opening your preferred movie player and movie is … He immediately wanted to let the man who could take a revenge know. Akbarnama, Shahinshah, Sulh-i-kul, Mansabdar, Sarkar and Imperial. Rajput Policy of Akbar shaped up by the following factors: Comparison Between the Rajput Policy of Akbar and Aurangzeb: The Khilji Dynasty (1290-1320): Alauddin Khilji, Social and Religious Significance of the Chaitanya Movement, Establishment and Expansion of the Delhi Sultanate, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Prelims, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Prelims in Hindi, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Mains, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Mains in Hindi, UPSC Topper 2013 Gaurav Agrawal Notes For IAS Preparation, The Big Picture: Medical Education Reforms, Gilgit-Baltistan An Integral Part of India, Draft Spacecom Policy and India’s Space Sector, Bryophytes- Characteristics And Economic Importance. Chapter 1.01: The Harappan Civilization Chapter 1.02: Early Vedic Civilization Chapter 1.03: The Later Vedic Age Chapter 1.04: India in the 6th Century BC: Rise of Jainism and Buddhism Chapter 1.05: The Mauryan Empire Chapter 1.06: The Sangam Age: Kingdoms and The Social and Economic Conditions Chapter 1.07: The Age of the Guptas Chapter 1.08: South India and the Cholas Chapter 1.09: The … India - India - The reign of Akbar the Great: Akbar (ruled 1556–1605) was proclaimed emperor amid gloomy circumstances. His first marriage in 1562 was to Jodha Bai, or Harkha Bai, a Rajput princess from Amber. Mention any two features of the Jama Masjid at Delhi. Your email address will not be published. 'Mansabdars' received their salaries as revenue assignments called 'jagirs' which were somewhat like iqtas. It is incorrect to describe any of the Mughal rulers of India as Mongol, although Mughal and Mongol are synonyms. The Rajputs were prominent among them. Mariam-uz-Zamani Begum, also known as Heer Kunwari, Hira Kunwari, Harka Bai or Jodha Bai, (October 1,1542 – May 19, 1623) was an Empress of the Mughal Empire.She was the first chief Rajput wife of Emperor Akbar (though Akbar already had two other Chief Mughal wives and many other wives before his marriage to Rajput Princess Heer Kunwari), and the mother of the next Mughal Emperor, … What is the name of the policy of peaceful co-existence adopted by Akbar? In this context describe: His policy of racial pacification and religious tolerance. Akbar ordered one of his close friends and courtiers, Abul Fazl, to write a history of his reign. Akbar adopted a special policy to handle the Rajputs. Akbar followed certain steps to gain the loyalty of the Rajputs- ... married into Rajput families and awarded high posts to deserving Rajput chiefs. He failed in his central Asian campaigns .The campaign to seize Balkh from the Uzbegs was unsuccessful and Qandahar was lost to the Safavids. Akbar at Kalanaur, fifteen miles west of Gurdaspur, in the Punjab, where he was engaged in operations against Sikandar Sur who had taken refuge in the fort of Mankot. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. 2. Give a brief account of Babur and the major events of his reign. Akbar’s idea of sulh-i-kul or universal peace was based on the idea of tolerance. Above all Humayun got the advice from the Safavid ruler, ShahTamash I, he should have befriended one Martial race, Rajputs, against another Martial race, Afghans. He knew that the support of Rajputs was necessary to consolidate his empire. Aurangzeb desired to conquered whole of Deccan (South India) as Napoleon wanted to conquer Spain. For example- we can give a reference to the matrimonial relationship between Khizr Khan, the son of Alauddin Khalji and Devla Devi daughter of Raykaran Vaghela. Akbar’s mother was a Persian. He founded an empire that was truly secular in character. • Mughal administration under Akbar was a centralised monarchy. Miners, or employees who may work in confined spaces, may be at more risk than those who work in … The Mughals were proud of their Timurid ancestry. Raja Bihari Mal with his son Bhagwan Das and grand son Man Singh proceeded to Agra. Akbar reigned between 1562 and 1605. Raja Bihari Mal with his son Bhagwan Das and grand son Man Singh proceeded to Agra. But he was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of the Uzbegs, a Mongol group. ©ytssubtitles. 2. The Rajput princess became the mother of Jahangir and exerted great influence on Akbar and his policy. But as the Mughals became powerful, many other rulers joined them voluntarily. Babur arranged his soldiers in such a way that they could move easily from one part of the battle to other. Rajputs were treated at par with the Mughal nobility. Akbar won the fort of Chittorgarh, but Rana Udai Singh was ruling Mewar from other places. He abolished the pilgrim tax on bathing at holy places such as Prayag and Benaras. He was only 12 years old when he succeeded to the throne of Ferghana. He gave high post to deserving Rajput chiefs. The good news, when brought to the proud father, set him dancing with joy. They left no stone unturned to cut the roots of the Mughal empire and to bring its downfall. Discuss. Describe Akbar's idea of sulh-i-kul or universal peace. "Akbar gave prosperity and restored peace and order due to his policies". The Rajput policy of Akbar was devised to win over Rajput kingdoms and induct the Rajputs into the Mughal service. Military responsibilities of Mansabdars were: • The Mansabdar was required to maintain a specified number of cavalrymen. 3. 9. Trace the development of megasporocyte in the ovary of a mature ovule. He took various steps against the non-Muslims and the Rajputs. The sacrifice of course was to be made to Akbar, who was now the vice regent of God. 21. The religious policy of Akbar was either a lesson for the universal toleration or the distortion in Islam. Akbar was born Abu’I-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar on October 15, 1542, at the Rajput fortress of Umerkot in Sindh (present-day Pakistan), to Mughal … • Turkish Nobles, Indian Muslims, Afghans and Rajputs joined the Mughal services as mansabdars. Answer: Akbar’s policy towards the Rajputs: Rajputs were the powerful enemies of the Mughals. Similarly, his Rajput policy proved disastrous. Question 58. The post recalls the horrors which the Rajputnis endeared in this war. ‘Jahangir continued with Akbar’s policy of tolerance’. Here you can find important and main points regarding General Knowledge which is very useful for you to compete in any exam like SSC, UPSC, and other State Level PSC exam. • From 1595 to 1601 the Mughal forces remained busy in the annexation of Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar. CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. On the basis of this data, tax was fixed on each crop in cash. Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called Jagirs. Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called jagirs. In what form does the Mansabdars received salaries? 3) What is the influence of Unoka on Okonkwo ? The specific economic and strategic importance of Rajasthan. Finally, Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy sounded the death-knell of the Mughal Empire. 3. Akbar’s Religious Policy. The Rajput policy of Akbar was devised to win over Rajput kingdoms and induct the Rajputs into the Mughal service. So, while narrating that two groups of sanyasis or ascetics known as Kurs and Puris petitioned Akbar during his return to Agra from Lahore in 1567 as the warring sects vied for a bigger share of alms, Sharma brings in the paradox in contemporary India where religious cults and spiritual gurus wield immense material and political power. After the death of Rana Udai Singh, Maharana Pratap fought against Akbar to defend his state. Critically examine Akbar’s Rajput Policy in the establishment or declination of the Mughal dynasty (2002) Highlight the steps taken by Akbar for the consolidation of Mughal Empire. Jodhaa Akbar is a sixteenth century love story about a marriage of alliance that gave birth to true love between a great Mughal Emperor, Akbar and a Rajput princess, Jodhaa. She tried to make her way out, but was further stopped by Akbar’s guards. 14. • They did not actually reside in their Jagirs but appointed servants to collect revenues from the people. He involved a number of Hindus into the nobility. Rajputs were the most powerful rivals of Mughals in north India. Two other sons have died of drink, and Jahangir's effectiveness as a ruler is limited by his own addiction to both alcohol and opium. Religious Policy of Akbar: Akbar was the most enlightened ruler among the Muehals. However, he could rule only for four years, i.e. 12. The qazi was the chief justice of the empire. Name the autonomous state founded by Saadat Khan. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. His attempt to set himself up as a jagat guru, the spiritual leader of the people, was a political mistake.In a nutshell, Akbar’s policy of Sulh-i Kull completely collapsed which affected the very fabric of the Mughal society. Out of the few of his constructions of note are Akbar's tomb at Sikandra and the tomb of his father-in-law Itmad-ud-Daula both near Agra . 22. From Sushant Singh Rajput, Irrfan Khan, SP Balasubrahmanyam, Rishi Kapoor to Nishikant Kamat, many celebrities left a void in the Indian entertainment industry that can never be filled. Akbar knew he had made a wrong move, he took two steps back and walked away in silence. What is a chemical bond? Akbar’s siege of Chittor in 1567 was a brutal one. 12. He had soon realized that if he wanted his empire to be stable, he must win the friendship of the Rajput’s because they were the military leaders of the Hindus. With average life expectancy of 50 years, Rajputs of today would be the 11th to 15th generation. Analyze the steps taken by Razia Sultan to strengthen her position as an independent ruler despite various obstacles. Start studying chapter 9-10. He did everything to win the love and loyalty of the Rajputs. He was a far sighted ruler who knew that there could be no permanent Mughal rule in India without the support of the Rajputs. The Mughal rulers campaigned constantly against the rulers who refused to accept their authority. Even the ruler of Malwa, Maldeva got his daughter married to the son of Sher Shah, Islam Khan. Describe the revenue system started by Todar Mal? The reasons for success of Babur in the first battle of Panipat were: • Strong artillery which was a new introduction in the Indian army and a well-trained cavalry. • He captured Gwalior, Ajmer, Jaunpur and Malwa. To enter into the largest military labour market in India in order to suppress Afghans and to break the monopoly of Mughal nobles. Max. Rajput (from Sanskrit raja-putra, "son of a king") is a caste from the Indian subcontinent.The term Rajput covers various patrilineal clans historically associated with warriorhood: several clans claim Rajput status, although not all claims are universally accepted.. ddd, 11. Answer: Aurangzeb’s religious policy had two aspects i.e: To promote the tenets of Islam and to ensure that the people led their lives accordingly. As did the families of his later Hindu wives, her father and brothers joined Akbar's court as … Babur founded the Mughal empire in India. 23. This revenue system was known as zabt. He was a far sighted ruler who knew that there could be no permanent Mughal rule in India without the support of the Rajputs. 2) Sketch the character of Okonkwo. But when they were defeated, the Mughals did not insult them. A Rajput (Rajasthani: राजपूत) is a member of one of the landowning patrilineal clans of central and northern India. The Mughal relations with the Rajputs were more or less friendly. Apart from that as an additional incentive, they got even. Akbar is succeeded in 1605 by his eldest and only surviving son, Jahangir. Mention any two steps taken by Akbar to promote better understanding between the Hindus and the Muslims. She becomes one of his senior wives and the mother of his heir, Jahangir. The Rajputnis were not behind. The Jama Masjid. This failure of Aurangzeb, caused rule and policy and paved the way for the downfall of his empire. Akbar followed certain steps to gain the loyalty of the Rajputs- 1. XI. Describe the effect of physical environment on the biotic community? 1) Examine the significance of the title, Things Fall Apart. 7. Akbar wanted to be friendly with these Rajputs states instead of subjugating. Because of this policy of religious intolerance, the Rajputs turned against him. Ahmadnagar was taken in 1633 A.D. Bijapur was submitted in 1636 A.D. and Golconda in 1665 A.D. Thus was opened the way through which the Mughal emperor was able to secure for four … Akbar wanted to be friendly with these Rajputs states instead of subjugating. Knowing this Akbar adopted a special policy to handle the Rajputs. 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