This made his brothers furious and almost immediately Shuja and Murad Baksh sought independent provinces and claimed their rightful share. From here, they took the land route to Arakan, which is still called Shuja Road. [14] Harlan commend on "the grace and dignity of His Highness's demeanor", observing the sense of power he projected, but also that "years of disappointment had created in the countenance of the ex-King an appearance of melancholy and resignation. 120 - The Grave of Shah Shuja in Dharema (district Sargodha) Dharema is a small typical town of Punjab in district Sargodha about 10 kilometers from Sargodha city on Shahpur road. Shuja marched to the capital again, this time against Aurangzeb. He occupied the city but soon gave up after he was struck by illness. He is also known as Shah Jahan I. Son of Timur Shah Durrani, Shuja Shah was of the Sadduzai line of t Shah Jahan became seriously ill in September 1658. She was the eldest child of Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Arakanese king, the powerful Sanda Thudhamma, had previously agreed to provide ships for Shuja and his family to travel to Mecca, where the prince had planned to spend the remainder of his life. Dost Mohammed Khan, who had handed himself into British custody in November 1840, was quietly released. History will speak for itself when Dhaka is recalled when talking about the colourful … Niccolai Manucci wrote: “The date of … He had three sons - Sultan Zain-ul-Din (Bon Sultan or Sultan Bang), Buland Akhtar and Zainul Abidin; and four daughters - Gulrukh Banu, Roshanara Begum and Amina Begum. Badshah Mohinnudin Mohammed Aurangzeb (1618 - 1707). His mother was Princess Nûr Jahân, a woman who had taken power over her husband during the last years of his reign, at a time when he had fallen into the grip of drugs. [17], An etching of Bara Katra by Sir Charles D'Oyly in 1823. Upon being restored, Shuja announced that he considered his own people to be "dogs" who needed to be taught to be obedient to their master, and spent his time exacting bloody vengeance on those Afghans whom he felt had betrayed him, making him extremely unpopular with his people. Arakan was unable to return to its previous dominance and Sanda Thudhamma's eventual death was followed by a century of chaos.[23]. Rather, he reorganised the army with renewed vigor. When Shah Jahan fell ill, a struggle for the throne started among his four sons - Dara Shikoh, Shah Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh. Shah Shuja (1639-1660 AD) Mughal viceroy of subah Bangla, was the second son of Emperor shahjahan and Empress Mumtaj Mahal. Rupees 1,60,000 in cash and goods worth one lakh were sent as sachak to the mansion of Mirza Rustam. Her body was buried again in a small building on the banks of river Yamuna. In the Marinids empire, Assassination of Abu Inan, succession of Abu Bakr Said. Shah Shuja was brother to Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. And in this generation, the House Muzaffar rapidly became a house divided, with brothers and cousins vying with each other (and with neighboring princelings). He had three sons - Sultan Zain-ul-Din (Bon Sultan or Sultan Bang), Buland Akhtar and Zainul Abidin; and four daughters - Gulrukh … [3] The following year, she gave birth to a daughter and died in childbirth. In the intervening years Khurram had taken three other wives, Kandahari Begum (m. 12 December 1609) and Izz un-Nisa Begum (m. 3 September 1617), the daughters of Muzaffar Husain Mirza Safawi and Shahnawaz Khan, son of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, respectively. To create an alliance with them, he married their "sister" Wafa Begum. Shahzada Mohammed Sultan Shah Shuja Bahadur(1616 - 1660). In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of Mubarazuddin Muhammad; accession of Shah Shuja. Shah Shuja (Bengali: শাহ সুজা, Urdu: شاہ شُجاع ‎), (23 June 1616 – 7 February 1661) was the second son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. [19] When the prisoners were brought before Shuja, one of them used a knife he had hidden in his robes to stab to death one of Shuja's ministers, causing Shuja to fly into one of his rages and to order all 50 prisoners to be beheaded on the spot. )....1366-1384 Died:1984 1358: In the Bahmanids empire, Death of Hasan Gangu, accession of his son Muhammad Shah. In July, Shuja Shah was narrowly defeated at Kandahar by the Afghans under Dost Mohammad Khan and fled. The sixth Mughal emperor was Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan’s sixth child. 5th Emir of the Durrani Empire; Reign: 13 July 1803– 3 May 1809 (First reign) 7 August 1839– 5 … [21] He shut himself away in the Bala Hissar, Kabul, and on leaving it he was assassinated by Shuja ud-Daula, at the insistence of his uncle Oosman Khan on April 5, 1842[22][23][24], His Majesty Inayat-i-Ilahi Padshah Sultan Shah Shuja ul-Mulk Muhammad Bahadur,Abdali ,Dur-i-Durran, Padshah of Afghanistan, sfn error: no target: CITEREFHusain2018 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDalrymple2012 (, Musée national de la Légion d'Honneur et des Ordres de Chevalerie, The British Library – Afghanistan 1809-1838: Sources in the India Office Records, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shah_Shujah_Durrani&oldid=990083621, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Daughter of Khan Bahadur Khan Malikdin Khel, Daughter of Sardar Haji Rahmatullah Khan Sardozai, Afghanistan in the Age of Empires by Farrukh Husain Silk Road Books (2018), This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 18:39. Shuja put up a good fight against them. Son of Timur Shah Durrani, Shuja Shah was of the Sadduzailine of … [7][8] She was the mother of two sons and three daughters,[9] namely, Prince Zain-ud-din Mirza, born on 28 October 1639; Prince Zain-ul-Abidin Mirza, born on 20 December 1645; Gulrukh Banu Begum (wife of Prince Muhammad Sultan), Raushan Ara Begum and Amina Banu Begum. George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland, believed that most Afghans would welcome the return of Shuja as their rightful ruler, but in fact by 1838, most people in Afghanistan could not remember him, and those that did remembered him as a cruel, tyrannical ruler whom they absolutely hated. In a concerted campaign the following year, Shuja marched on Kandahar while the Sikhs, commanded by General Hari Singh Nalwa attacked Peshawar. [4] In 1809, a British diplomatic mission was sent to Afghanistan, which at the time was to the British a remote and mysterious part of Asia. What became the end of Shah Shuja? By this time, Emir Shah Shuja had been murdered by the supporters of Akbar Khan. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. He signed a treaty with his elder brother, Dara, which left him in control of Bengal, Orissa and a large part of Bihar, on 17 May 1658. Renowned for his cruelties, Mubariz al-Din ended his life blinded by his heir, Shah Shuja (or Shah Shujaa). Jalal-ud-din Haider Abul Mansur Khan Shuja-ud-Daulah. On 23 February 1633, the wedding presents worth Rupees 10 lakhs were displayed by Jahanara Begum and Sati-un-nissa Khanum. According to Mountstuart Elphinstone, "The King of Kabul [Shah Shuja] was a handsome man". Shah Shuja (Mughal prince). Dhaka, a city bursting with history and so rich in culture that most of it goes unnoticed over the hustle bustle of the now thriving metropolis. Life. He lies buried in Roshnibag in Murshidabad. [4] Her daughter was named Dilpazir Banu Begum by Shah Jahan,[5]  who died as an infant. [16] Harlan had a tailor sew up an American flag, which Harlan hoisted up in Ludhiana, and started to recruit mercenaries for the invasion of Afghanistan, suggesting that he was working for the U.S. government (which he was not). The remaining daughter, Amina Banu Begum, was brought to the palace, where, from grief, she died an early death. In April 1656, Muhammad Sultan was appointed Heir Apparent by his father-in-law Abdullah Qutb Shah, Sultan of Golconda and Hyderabad.. He is known as Shah Jahân, sometimes spelled Shah Jehan, but his offi… He was the governor of Bengal and Odisha and had his capital at Dhaka, in present day Bangladesh. Nawab of Oudh Shuja ud Daulah. [16] When Harlan pressed him on whatever he wanted to accept his offer or not, Shuja agreed. [13], His third wife was the daughter of Raja Tamsen of Kishtwar. He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan. [16], After the illness of Shah Jahan in September 1657, a power crisis occurred among the brothers. Renowned for his cruelties, Mubariz al-Din ended his life blinded by his heir, Shah Shuja (or Shah Shujaa). [9]He escaped from Ranjit's detention at the Mubarek Haveli Lahore for Ludhiana and the East India Company. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, Mughal Emperor, Nur-ud-din Muhammad Jahangir, Mughal Emperor, Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I, Mughal Emperor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shah_Shuja_(Mughal_prince)&oldid=994166495, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from August 2013, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, JN Sarkar (ed), History of Bengal, vol II, Dhaka, 1948, JN Sarkar, History of Aurangzib, vol II, New Delhi, 1972–74, A Karim, History of Bengal, Mughal Period, vol II, Rajshahi, 1995, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 11:59. Shah Shuja first married Bilqis Banu Begum, the daughter of Rustam Mirza, on the night of Saturday, 5 March 1633. His father, Shah Jahan, appointed as his deputy, the Rajput prince of Nagpur, Kunwar Raghav Singh (1616-1671). [13] When Shuja went out for picnic with his four wives and the wind blew down his tent, Shuja flew into a rage and he had the man responsible for putting up his tent, Khwajah Mika-a slave from East Africa who had already had his ears chopped off-to be castrated on the spot as punishment for not erecting his tent more firmly, much to Harlan's horror. He returned to Afghanistan and resumed the throne, reigning until his death in 1863. The following year, she gave birth to a daughter and died in childbirth. Born January 5, 1592 in Lahore, he died on January 22, 1666 in Agra at the age of 74 years. Shah Shuja (Mughal) : biography June 23, 1616 – 1660 Conspiracy of Arakan King The final day on sea route took Shuja to Arakan where he was received by an envoy of Arakan pirate king Sanda Thudhamma and escorted to a separate quarter for the Mughal prince. Shah Shuja proclaimed himself as Emperor, but Aurangzeb ascended the throne of Dehli and sent Mir Jumla to subjugate Shuja. Shahzada Sultan Murad Baksh (1624 - 1661). Shah Jahan had made it clear that his successor will be Dara Shikoh before falling ill. Shuja immediately crowned himself the emperor and took the imperial titles in November 1657. Shahzada Sultan Luftallah (1626 - 1628). He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan. His Majesty Inayat-i-Ilahi Padshah Sultan Shah Shuja ul-Mulk Muhammad Bahadur,Abdali ,Dur-i-Durran, Padshah of Afghanistan: An old sketch work showing Shah-Shuja-ul-Mulk. The marriage was arranged by Princess Jahanara Begum. Shah Jahan is the 5th Mughal emperor, coming after Bâbur, Humâyûn, Akbar, and Jahângîr, his father. Son of Timur Shah Durrani, Shuja Shah was of the Sadduzai line of the Abdali group of Ethnic Pashtuns. He was the second son and child of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz Mahal. [5] William Fraser, who accompanied Elphinstone to meet Shah Shuja was "struck with the dignity of his appearance and the romantic Oriental awe. Abu'l Fawaris Djamal ad-Din Shah Shuja (rest. Then Shah Jehan planned to build mausoleum there. Museum Number IM.13-1925. [1] During his governorship, he built the official residence, Bara Katra, in the capital Dhaka. After each defeat, he had to face desertions in his own army, but he did not lose heart. He had suddenly exhumed Mumtaj Mahals body and taken back to Agra in a golden coffin with the help of their son Shah Shuja. Died 7 February 1661 (aged 44) near Mrohaung (Mrauk-U), Arakan. Born on 23 June 1616, he took part, as a prince, in various campaigns and gathered experience both as a military general and an administrator. Shāh Shojāʿ, original name Shojāʿ Mirza, or Shojāʿ-ul-mulk, Shojāʿ also spelled Shujāʿ, (born 1780—died April 1842, Kabul, Afghanistan), shāh, or king, of Afghanistan (1803–10; 1839–42) whose alliance with the British led to his death. The eyelashes and the edges of his eyelids were blackened with antimony." After her death Shah Jehan was devastated. There is nothing significant about it except the one fact that there is a grave that attracts the attention of many students of history. In Afghanistan, a blind man by tradition cannot be Emir, and so Shah Shuja's step-brother Mahmud Shah had Zaman blinded, however not killed. However, he was finally defeated in the last battle in April 1660. Her death had a profound impact on Shah Jahan's personality and inspired the construction of the Taj Mahal, where she was later reburied. He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan.Encyclopædia Britannica –. When Mahmud Shah's vizier Fateh Khan invaded Kashmir alongside Maharaja Ranjit Singh's army, he chose to leave with the Sikh army. Shuja ud-Din Muhammad Khan was succeeded by his son, Sarfaraz Khan. Shah Jahan became seriously ill in September 1658. After staying for a month, they departed from the city and boarded Arakanese ships on 12 May at Bhulua (near present-day Noakhali, Bangladesh). He was the governor of Bengal and Odisha and had his capital at Dhaka, presently Bangladesh. [17] Shuja was defeated in the Battle of Khajwa on 5 January 1659. The party first arrived at Chittagong and remained for some time. Shuja Shah was of the Sadozai line of the Abdali group of Pashtuns. [2][verification needed]. ... Shuja, Viceroy of Bengal, and Murad Baksh, Viceroy of Gujarat, declared their independence, and marched upon Agra in order to claim their riches. He stayed in Lahore from 1813 to 1814. His death coincided with the invasion of Delhi by Nader Shah. 120 - The Grave of Shah Shuja in Dharema (district Sargodha) Dharema is a small typical town of Punjab in district Sargodha about 10 kilometers from Sargodha city on Shahpur road. They were easy pickings for the rising Timurid Empire and its eponymous founder. [19] Shuja was restored to the throne by the British on August 7, 1839,[20] 30 years after his deposition, but did not remain in power when the British left. Shah Shuja first married Bilqis Banu Begum, the daughter of Rustam Mirza, on the night of Saturday, 5 March 1633. There is nothing significant about it except the one fact that there is a grave that attracts the attention of many students of history. [1] He left Dhaka on 6 May and boarded ships near present-day Bhulua on 12 May heading to Arakan. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. [7], In June 1809,[8] he was overthrown by his predecessor Mahmud Shah and went into exile in The Punjab, where he was captured by Jahandad Khan Bamizai and imprisoned at Attock (1811–1812) and then taken to Kashmir (1812–1813) by Atta Muhammad Khan. [citation needed], In 1838 he had gained the support of the British and the Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh for wresting power from Dost Mohammad Khan. Shah Shuja was born on 23 June 1616, in Ajmer. [14] She was the mother of Shahzada Buland Akhtar, who was born in August 1645. During his days of recovery, Dara Shikoh, one of his sons, assumed the role of the ruler. He marched with a large army, backed by a good number of war-boats in the river Ganges. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. Often referred to simply as Begum Sahib (Princess of Princesses), she was the elder sister of the crown prince, Dara Shikoh, and Emperor Aurangzeb. Shojāʿ ascended the throne in 1803 after a long fratricidal war. Stanley Lane-Pool, 1971, Aurangzeb, vol.1. 1635. Son of Timur Shah Durrani, Shuja Shah was of the Sadduzai line of the Abdali group of Ethnic Pashtuns. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. When the succession war of the Mughal Empire began in 1657, he joined his father-in-law Shah Shuja, and was appointed Chief-in-Commander and Principal Counsellor in 1659.. He died the next year, allowing Shah Shoja to occupy Isfahan. Shuja Shah Durrani (also known as Shāh Shujāʻ, Shah Shujah, Shoja Shah, Shujah al-Mulk) (c. 4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. Shuja wore the Koh-i-Noor ("Mountain of Light") diamond in one of his bracelets when Elphinstone visited him, but rather undiplomatically described Shuja as having a "vulgar nose". Just better. The following year however, suspicious of another coup, Sanda Thudhamma had Shuja's sons decapitated and his daughters (including the pregnant eldest) starved to death. [21], After eight months and numerous excuses, Sanda Thudhamma's promise of ships did not materialise. Meanwhile, Aurangzeb had formed an army of his own and went on to defeat his brother Dara Shikoh. During his days of recovery, Dara Shikoh, one of his sons, assumed the role of the ruler. (23 June 1616 – 7 February 1661)[1] was the second son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. The prince had two hundred soldiers with him, as well as the support of the local Muslims, giving him a good chance at success. Shah Mahmud would continue to play and influential role in Iranian politics, using his marriage alliance to claim Tabriz from the Jalayirids after Shaikh Awais Jalayir died in 1374. Shuja Shah was of the Popalzai line of the Abdali group of Pashtuns.He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan. They were easy pickings for the rising Timurid Empire and its eponymous founder. Quite the same Wikipedia. [13] Despite or perhaps because he was mutilated, Shuja's grand vizier took a great deal of pleasure in mutilating others and was always inciting his master to have somebody mutilated. He proclaimed himself as King of Afghanistan in October 1801 (after the deposition of his brother Zaman Shah), but only properly ascended to the throne on July 13, 1803. A year later, he scented a plot and starved all of them to death, while his wife was in an advanced stage of pregnancy by himself. [11][12] According to another source, one of Shuja's daughters was married to King Sanda Thudhamma. He was the second son and child of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz Mahal.. Shuja's siblings were Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. Rupees 1,60,000 in cash and goods worth one lakh were sent as sachak to the mansion of Mirza Rustam. He remembered his misfortunes only to avenge them". [17], In 1833 he struck a deal with Maharaja Ranjit Singh of the Punjab: He was allowed to march his troops through Punjab, and in return he would cede Peshawar to the Sikhs if they could manage to take it. I pray for the possession of those pleasures which my native country alone can afford". Thousands of palanquins were used to carry Shuja's harem and he performed Eid prayers at an Eidgah in Dulahzara. Much of his entourage was captured and though he himself initially escaped into the jungle, he was later captured and executed. [12], During his time in exile, Shuja indulged his cruelty by removing the noses, ears, tongues, penises, and testicles of his courtiers and slaves when they displeased him in the slightest. [13] Harlan noted all of the men around Shuja were missing at least one part of their bodies, if not more, and all seemed extremely afraid of their master, who was apt to fly into a rage whenever he did not get his way with anything, and when he was angry, body parts tended to get severed. Finally, the latter demanded the hand of Shuja's daughter in marriage, which the prince refused. He was born in Dahod, Gujarat during November 1618. Unable to move and being refused provisions at the bazaars, Shuja resolved to attempt to overthrow the king. This made his brothers furious and almost immediately, Shuja and Murad Baksh sought independent provinces and claimed their rightful share. [1] He retreated, first to Tandah and then to Dhaka, on 12 April 1660. Shah Jahan became seriously ill in September 1658. In the meantime, Aurangzeb defeated Dara twice (at Dharmat and Samugarh), caught him, executed him on a charge of heresy and ascended the throne. [19] The British historian Sir John William Kaye wrote the "wanton barbarity" of the mass execution as all 50 prisoners were beheaded strained the campaign, stating the "shrill cry" of the prisoners as they waited to be executed was the "funeral wail" of the "unholy policy" of attempting to restore Shuja. Just better. Padshah SultanShuja Shah Abdali Durrani(also known as Shah Shuja, Shoja Shah) (4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empirefrom 1803 to 1809. On the death of his first wife, he married Piari Banu Begum,[6] daughter of Azam Khan, the second governor of Bengal during Shah Jahan's reign. She was buried in a separate mausoleum named Kharbuza Mahal, at Burhanpur. [11] Shuja stayed first in Ludhiana where he was joined by Zeman Shah in 1821. Shah Shuja(1639-1660 AD) Mughal viceroy of subah Bangla, was the second son of Emperor shahjahanand Empress Mumtaj Mahal. In Bengal, Death of Ilyas, succession of his son Sikandar Shah. Out of four sons, Murad Bakhsh, Aurangzeb, Shah Shuja and Dara Shikoh, records suggest that Shah Jahan was close to Dara Shikoh. But when he was surrounded at Tandah and found that reorganisation of the army was no longer possible, he decided to leave Bengal for good and take shelter in Arakan. Afghanistan portal Padshah Sultan Shuja Shah Abdali Durrani (also known as Shah Shuja, Shoja Shah) (4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. 1358: In the Bahmanids empire, Death of Hasan Gangu, accession of his son Muhammad Shah. He was the governor of Bengal and Odisha and had his capital at Dhaka, presently Bangladesh. He was knighted by Queen Victoria on 6 August 1838, while serving in the 21st India Native Infantry on a mission in Afghanistan, [9] [10] and remained there until his assassination in 1841, during an insurrection in which his younger brother, Charles, was also killed. [14] Harlan ultimately grew disillusioned with Shuja, writing he did not view him as the "legitimate monarch, the victim of treasonable practices", but rather as "a wayward tyrant, inflexible in moods, vindictive in his enmities, faithless in his attachments, unnatural in his affections. Quite the same Wikipedia. [13] When the American adventurer Dr. Josiah Harlan visited Shuja's court in exile he noted that all of Shuja's courtiers and slaves were missing some part of their bodies as all had in some way displeased their master at some point along the line, to whom they were all slavishly devoted to despite his abuse of them as Harlan noted that there was an "earless assemblage of mutes and eunuchs in the ex-king's service". However, he was beaten by Dara's army in the hotly contested Battle of Bahadurpur, near Banares (in modern Uttar Pradesh, India). Born on 23 June 1616, he took part, as a prince, in various campaigns and gathered experience both as a military general and an administrator. He then killed rest of the contenders and declared himself as the emperor. [22], Shuja's wealth was taken and melted down by Sanda Thudhamma, who took the Mughal princesses into his harem. The half dozen camel-loads of gold and jewels that the Mughal royals had brought with them was beyond anything that had previously been seen in Arakan. Shuja was born on 23 June 1616, in Ajmer. Reign: 1753–1775: Predecessor: Safdarjung: Successor: Asaf-Ud-Daula: Full name. Jahanara Begum (Persian: جہان آرا بیگم ‎; 23 March 1614 – 16 September 1681) was a Mughal princess and the Padshah Begum of the Mughal Empire from 1631 to 1681. Shuja Shah Durrani (also known as Shah Shujah, Shoja Shah, Shujah al-Mulk) (c. November 4, 1785 – April 5, 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. [19], Shuja and his entourage arrived in Arakan on 26 August 1660,[20] and were greeted at the capital, Mrauk U, with courtesy. Piari Banu Begum and two of her daughters committed suicide. He had three sons - Sultan Zain-ul-Din (Bon Sultan or Sultan Bang), Buland Akhtar and Zainul Abidin; and four daughters - Gulrukh … Her death had a profound impact on Shah Jahan's personality and inspired the construction of the Taj Mahal, where she was later reburied. SHAHAB UDDIN MUHAMMAD SHAH JAHAN I (full title: Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Abu'l-Muzaffar Shahab ud-din Muhammad, Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani, Shah Jahan I Padshah Ghazi Zillu'llah [Firdaus-Ashiyani]) ruled India from 1628 until 1658. [2] After coming to power in 1803, Shuja ended the blood feud with the powerful Barakzai family and also forgave them. He also wrote "of an olive complexion with a thick black beard ... his voice clear, his address princely." He also described Shuja's voice as "loud and sonorous". The ‘capture’ of the famed diamond ‘Koh-i-Noor’ from the Afghan ruler Shah Shuja in Lahore’s Mubarak Haveli by Maharajah Ranjit Singh in 1813, makes interesting reading. Padshah Sultan Shuja Shah Abdali Durrani (also known as Shah Shuja, Shoja Shah) (4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. On the restoration of Shah Shuja in 1839, Burnes became regular political agent at Kabul. However, Sanda Thudhamma was forewarned of the coup attempt. Though ShahJahan later recovered from his illness, A… During his time in India, Shuja was imprisoned and forced to give up the Timur Ruby, Koh-i-Noor and the sister diamond dray-i-nur diamond to Ranjit Singh . Shah Shuja (Mughal) edit Extracted from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - Original source - History - Webmasters Guidelines . Shuja turned back to Rajmahal to make further preparations. This made his brothers furious and almost immediately, Shuja and Murad Baksh sought independent provinces and claimed their rightful share. The place where he stayed in Ludhiana was occupied by the Main Post Office near Mata Rani Chowk and inside it there used to be a white marble stone commemorating his stay there. Shuja ud-Din died on 26 August 1739 leaving behind two sons and two daughters. Padshah Sultan Shuja Shah Abdali Durrani (also known as Shah Shuja, Shoja Shah) (4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. [10], From 1818 onward, Shuja who liked to live in a lavish style with his wives and concubines had collected a pension from the East India Company, which thought he might prove useful one day. He was the second son and child of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz Mahal.. Shuja's siblings were Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. After an intensive siege, the Mughals captured Chittagong and thousands of Arakanese were taken into slavery. He was pursued by the imperial army under Mir Jumla. Shahzadi Surayya Banu Begum (1621 - 1628). What became the end of Shah Shuja? [3], Shuja allied Afghanistan with the United Kingdom in 1809, as a means of defending against an invasion of Afghanistan and The Punjab by France. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. "[15] Harlan, a man without much military experience and knowledge of Pashto, offered to lead an invasion of Afghanistan to restore Shuja, an offer that led the former monarch to break "into a poetical effusion in praise of Kabul" and its gardens, its trees laden with fruits, and its music culminating with "Kabul is called the Crown of the Air. He ruled from 1628 until 1658. He married the eldest, an event that was subsequently celebrated in song and poetry. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. He was appointed by … 1632. People Projects Discussions Surnames The marriage was arranged by Princess Jahanara Begum. Aurangzeb, angered by the deaths, ordered a campaign against the kingdom. [15], Shazada Muhammad Shah Shuja was appointed by Shah Jahan as the Subahdar of Bengal and Bihar from 1641 and of Orissa from 25 July 1648 until 1661. Sanda Thudhamma responded by ordering the Mughals to leave within three days. Shah Shuja was born on 23 June 1616, in Ajmer. Shah Shuja (Bengali: শাহ সুজা, Urdu: شاہ شُجاع ‎), [10] In 1660, she fled to Arakan with her husband, sons and daughters. On 23 February 1633, the wedding presents worth Rupees 10 lakhs were displayed by Jahanara Begum and Sati-un-nissa Khanum. Aree della Conoscenza KidS and TeenS Istruzione-Formazione Best Viewed With GFS! [13] Shuja's grand vizier, Mullah Shakur had grown his hair long to cover up that both his ears had been chopped off while he spoke in the distinctive high-pitched voice of a eunuch; Harlan noted he was lucky as the rest of his body was still intact. Shuja was murdered in 1661. Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan, Shah Jahan (شاه جهان, शाह जहाँ; 5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666) was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India. The Sikhs on their part reclaimed Peshawar. [1] Mir Jumla reached Dhaka on 9 May 1660 and was then appointed by Aurangzeb as the next Subahdar of Bengal. [18] During the march on Kabul, the main British camp was attacked by a force of Ghazis, of whom 50 were captured. [1], Shuja Shah was the governor of Herat and Peshawar from 1798 to 1801. Shah Shuja (Bengali: শাহ সুজা, Urdu: شاہ شُجاع ‎), (23 June 1616 – 7 February 1661) was the second son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. After his defeat, Shuja retreated towards Bengal. Shah Shuja (Mughal prince). Genealogy for Sultan Muhammad Shah Shuja (1616 - 1661) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Shuja's siblings were Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. During his days of recovery, Dara Shikoh, one of his sons, assumed the role of the ruler. History will speak for itself when Dhaka is recalled when talking about the colourful … According to Mountstuart Elphinstone, `` the King of Kabul [ Shah Shuja first married Bilqis Banu Begum Aurangzeb! The invasion of Delhi by Nader Shah Peshawar from 1798 to 1801 demanded the hand of Shuja wealth... And child of emperor Shah Jahan became seriously ill in September 1657, power... Which my native country alone can afford '' in November 1657 ended his life blinded his... Begum and two of her daughters committed suicide committed suicide after the illness Shah! 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