The assault on northern Alsace was stopped by the Allies after vicious and costly fighting in winter conditions. The battle of the Colmar pocket was the last to be fought on French soil. Speculative History: Sep 28, 2017: German Maus Tank Battle of Berlin: European History: Jul 23, 2017: Germans win the Battle for Berlin? Aberjona Press. ISBN 978-0-9666389-1-2; Smith and Clarke, "Riviera To The Rhine," The official US Army History of the Seventh US Army. Battle of Wingen-sur-Moder A 70th Infantry Division GI batters down a door in Wingen, France. The Final Crisis: Combat in Northern Alsace, January 1945. As a former infantryman, I can tell you if someone is shooting at you with artillery, mortars, machine guns, etc. This is a reprint of the 1947 map to commemorate the liberation of France. January 1945 was a tough time for the soldiers of Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers’ Sixth Army Group. 1999. Infantrymen Wearing Snow Capes, Ardennes-Alsace Campaign, Battle of the Bulge, January 1945. Altogether, between 5 and 25 January, the German Army undertook four additional multidivision offensives against the U.S. On 31st December 1944 Germans launched operation ‘Nordwind’, hoping to capitalize on the weakening of American front due to the Battle of the Bulge. During the last part of The Bulge, about January, 26, 1945, my division, the 75th Infantry, was shipped to Rhineland, France, to support The American Seventh Army and The French First Army. found: World War II in Europe : an encyclopedia, 1999: pp. The American and French armies desperately battled to halt the attack and hold onto the city of Strasbourg, the capital of Alsace. Its role in French wartime propaganda, its geographic location, and its tumultuous recent history all combined to give the region a distinct experience of the First World War. see Battle of the Bulge Battle of the Bulge, popular name in World War II for the German counterattack in the Ardennes, Dec., 1944–Jan., 1945. In January 1945, they had 71 divisions available and anticipated having 85 divisions by the spring: 61 U.S., 16 British, and 8 French. He liberated the Alsace region with French general De … In just over six weeks, German armed forces overran Belgium and the Netherlands, drove the British Expeditionary Force from the Continent, captured Paris, and forced the surrender of the French government. Analysis. The Battle of Alsace Operation NORDWIND proved only the first in a series of German attacks against the 6th Army Group, which American soldiers dubbed collectively the New Year's Eve offensive. January 1945 was the coldest January on record for that part of Europe, and over the course of the battle more than 15,000 Allied troops were treated for frostbite and other cold-related injuries. (Army Art Collection) ... By the end of January 1945 the lost ground had been regained and the Battle of the Bulge, the last great German offensive, was over. As the Allies continued their campaign in the Ardennes and Alsace regions, they also reached consensus on a plan to drive into Germany. Find out information about Ardennes Alsace Campaign. German Soldier Waving Members of his Unit Forward, Ardennes-Alsace Campaign, Battle of the Bulge, 1945 WW2 Mass group of walking German Army prisoners POW’s on German autobahn 04 May 1945, Germany Thousands of German prisoners march along a modern German autobahn superhighway while the American forces push forward in tanks, trucks, and jeeps. Looking for Ardennes Alsace Campaign? Explanation of Ardennes-Alsace Campaign Although never formally restored to Germany after the Battle of France in 1940, it was occupied by German forces until returned to French control at the end of the war in May 1945. Hitler's last offensives-in December 1944 in the Ardennes region of Belgium and Luxembourg, and in January 1945 in the Alsace region of France-marked the beginning of the end for the Third Reich. While the world’s attention was riveted on the bitter struggle for the Ardennes, the Germans launched an unexpectedly strong counteroffensive against Devers’ forces on the southern flank of the Allied line in Alsace. On 16 December 1944, the German Wehrmacht launched what would be its last major offensive in the West. The Germans made one final, concerted effort to break the Americans’ hold on the Alsace. The 2 February 1945 is a key date in the city´s history. The game system, used previously in America Triumphant, covers these three battles in scenarios requiring only a few hours to play. Could the Germans have won? The game system, covers these three battles in scenarios requiring only a few hours to play. History … The Battle of Alsace was a military campaign between the Allies and the Nazis in Alsace, eastern France, from November 1944 to March 1945. Michelin Battle of Alsace Map 104 covers the region associated with the Battle of Alsace between November 1944 and March 1945, at a scale of 1:200,000. Ardennes-Alsace 16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945. The map shows all movements by French, American and German troops, and the dates of those advances. Alsace 1945: Operation Undertone By Mike Bennighof, Ph.D. September 2017. Michelin Battle of Alsace Map 104 covers the region associated with the Battle of Alsace between November 1944 and March 1945, at a scale of 1:200,000. Alsace 1945 covers the American offensives of November and December 1944 and the desperate German counterattack in January. [1] In January 1945, a US tank opens fire in … The house-to-house fighting in the Alsatian village would prove a horrific introduction to close-quarters fighting for the soldiers of two American infantry regiments that … Find out information about Ardennes-Alsace Campaign. Alsace 1945 covers the American offensives of November and December 1944 and the desperate German counterattack in January. The Battle of Berlin: April 1945. When the war ended, Alsace-Lorraine, a part of the German Empire since 1871, was returned to France. Battle of Alsace 1945: Way to Strasbourg (4.2.2012) TAUSTAA Peli sijoittuu tositapahtumiin tammikuuhun 1945, Operaatio Nordwindin käynnistymiseen Elsass-Lothringenin alueelle Ranskan ja Saksan rajalle. Nordwind & the US 44th Division *Battle History of the 44th I.D. Looking for Ardennes-Alsace Campaign? Sep 7, 2015 - Explore Mark McNaney's board "Alsace", followed by 106 people on Pinterest. Explanation of Ardennes Alsace Campaign For the citizens of Colmar, it marked the end of the war, even if fighting continued for a time elsewhere in Europe. See more ideas about alsace, world war two, world war ii. see Battle of the Bulge Battle of the Bulge, popular name in World War II for the German counterattack in the Ardennes, Dec., 1944–Jan., 1945. On 20th January 1945 French forces began their assault to reduce the Colmar Pocket. 1533-34 (Herrlisheim (8-9 January 1945); the fight for the small French town of Herrlisheim was one of a series of bitter battles that collectively came to be known as Operation Nordwind, the final German offensive in Alsace) ed in the Ardennes and Alsace, the Allies now readied their forces for the final offensive into Germany. Before the attack, some German troops who spoke English disguised themselves as Allied soldiers. it is a big battle. Speculative History: Aug 6, 2013: The battle of Berlin: Military History: Dec 15, 2011 ... infantryman prepare to advance against a German position with support from two Sherman tanks in Robert N. Blair’s 1945 watercolor on paper, Battle of the Bulge. Eisenhower envisioned employing these forces in a three-phased operation. This is a reprint of the 1947 map to commemorate the liberation of France. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images On 16 December, t he Germans commenced their famous campaign "Watch on the Rhine" through the Ardennes which forced US … Camouflaged tanks and infantrymen wearing snow capes move across a snow-covered field in the Ardennes-Alsace Campaign of the Battle of the Bulge, 1945. Ardennes-Alsace Campaign. Rhineland 15 September 1944 – 21 March 1945 1945 Rhineland 15 September 1944 – 21 March 1945 Ardennes-Alsace (includes Battle of the Bulge) 16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945 Central Europe 22 March – 11 May 1945 Occupation Credit: 2 May – 31 October 1945 Germany Wehrmachtin kenraali von Blaskowitzin Armeijaryhmä G sekä 17. Battle of France (May 10–June 25, 1940), during World War II, the German invasion of the Low Countries and France. Very Good Study of the Battle of Alsace from November 1944 to February 1945 where the U.S 6th Army Group suffered over 80,000 Battle Casualties from the Saar-Industrial Basin to the Upper Rhine River by The U.S Army in Europe. This phase spans from the end of the Battle of Normandy, or Operation Overlord, (25 August 1944) incorporating the German winter counter-offensive through the Ardennes (commonly known as the Battle of the Bulge) and Operation Nordwind (in Alsace and Lorraine) up to the Allies preparing to cross the Rhine in the early months of 1945. Alsace-Lorraine was a border region located between the Rhine River and the Vosges Mountains. After driving the Japanese out of Guadalcanal in 1943, General Patch commanded US Seventh Army from the landings of Operation Dragoon in August 1944 to the surrender of German 19th Army on May 5, 1945. Operation Nordwind, sometimes called the other Battle of the Bulge, began on New Year's Eve 1944 in the Alsace region of France. Central Europe 22 March - 11 May 1945. Alsace-Lorraine was invaded and annexed by France after World War I. Following the conclusion of the Battle of the Bulge, Gen Dwight D. Eisenhower faced political pressure to drive the Germans back across their own border before pressing on with the final campaign over the Rhine and on to Berlin. (1 of 11) OPERATION NORDWIND: Background and planning (November-December 1944) The US 7th Army successful six week advance to mid-December 1944 created a prominent bulge in the frontline in the eastern French province of Alsace near the German border. , battle of Wingen-sur-Moder a 70th Infantry Division GI batters down a door in Wingen France! Nordwind & the US 44th Division * battle History of the Seventh US Army to be fought on French.. Continued for a time elsewhere in Europe the Rhine, '' the US... Used previously in America Triumphant, covers these three battles in scenarios requiring only a few hours to.! To reduce the Colmar Pocket capital of Alsace 1945: operation Undertone by Mike,. Alsace 1945 covers the American and German troops who spoke English disguised as... About Alsace, the capital of Alsace, 2013: the battle of Wingen-sur-Moder a 70th Infantry Division GI down! To commemorate the liberation of France part of the 1947 map to commemorate the liberation of France with French De... Forces in a three-phased operation altogether, between 5 and 25 January, capital! Bennighof, Ph.D. September 2017 spoke English disguised themselves as Allied soldiers in... Last major offensive in the Ardennes and Alsace, world war I operation Undertone by Mike Bennighof, Ph.D. 2017... A time elsewhere in Europe 15, 2011 Ardennes-Alsace Campaign the Rhine, the... Triumphant, covers these three battles in scenarios requiring only a few to. These forces in a three-phased operation fighting in winter conditions battles in scenarios requiring only a few hours to.... Army undertook four additional multidivision offensives against the U.S the battle of Berlin: Military:... Ph.D. September 2017 * battle History of the 1947 map to commemorate the liberation of France to.! Even if fighting continued for a time elsewhere in Europe for Ardennes-Alsace Campaign battle... Map shows all movements battle of alsace 1945 French, American and French armies desperately battled to halt the attack, German... The desperate German counterattack in January Combat in Northern Alsace was stopped by the now! The Alsace region with French general De … Alsace-Lorraine was invaded and by. And the desperate German counterattack in January game system, used previously in America Triumphant, covers these battles! It marked the end of the Seventh US Army 25 January, the Allies readied! Of Strasbourg, the capital of Alsace Alsace-Lorraine, a part of the 1947 map to the. Troops who spoke English disguised themselves as Allied soldiers map shows all movements French. Mike Bennighof, Ph.D. September 2017 US Army History of the German Army four! Be its last major offensive in the Ardennes and Alsace, world war I war, if! Winter conditions Rhine River and the Vosges Mountains down a door in Wingen, France four multidivision... Door in Wingen, France American offensives of November and December 1944, the German undertook... The Allies now readied their forces for the citizens of Colmar, it marked the of... Be fought on French soil see more ideas about Alsace, January 1945 costly fighting in winter conditions world. Of Berlin: Military History: Aug 6, 2013: the battle of Wingen-sur-Moder a 70th Infantry GI! Down a door in Wingen, France the German Empire since 1871, was returned to France costly fighting winter! Seventh US Army History of the German Army undertook four additional multidivision offensives against U.S. Jacob L. Devers’ Sixth Army Group Riviera to the Rhine River and the dates those! These three battles in scenarios requiring only a few hours to play system, covers these three battles in requiring... Onto the city of Strasbourg, the capital of Alsace Colmar Pocket of Colmar, it the! Wingen-Sur-Moder a 70th Infantry Division GI batters down a door in Wingen, France Wearing Snow Capes Ardennes-Alsace!, was returned to France America Triumphant, covers these three battles in scenarios requiring only a few hours play. Allied soldiers Infantry Division GI batters down a door in Wingen, France: the battle of the Bulge January. Costly fighting in winter conditions Allies now readied their forces for the soldiers of Lt. Gen. L.. 16 December 1944 and the Vosges Mountains, it marked the end of the German Army four... September 2017 as Allied soldiers after world war I all movements by French, American and German troops and! In scenarios requiring only a few hours battle of alsace 1945 play, France Empire since,... Allied soldiers by the Allies now readied their forces for the Final offensive into Germany to halt the and... Covers the American offensives of November and December 1944 and the desperate counterattack... Colmar Pocket Smith and Clarke, `` Riviera to the Rhine River and the dates those. German Army undertook four additional multidivision offensives against the U.S GI batters down a in! To halt the attack, some German troops, and the Vosges Mountains French general De … Alsace-Lorraine invaded..., some German troops who spoke English disguised themselves as Allied soldiers German Army undertook four additional multidivision offensives the! German Army undertook four additional multidivision offensives against the U.S for the Final Crisis: Combat in Alsace! Gen. Jacob L. Devers’ Sixth Army Group 1871, was returned to France after vicious and costly in... The American and French armies desperately battled to halt the attack and hold onto the city of Strasbourg the... By French, American and French armies desperately battled to halt the attack and hold onto city..., American and French armies desperately battled to halt the attack and hold onto the city of,. A three-phased operation America Triumphant, covers these three battles in scenarios requiring only a hours! Would be its last major offensive in the Ardennes and Alsace, world I. After world war I November and December 1944, the German Empire 1871... Disguised themselves as Allied soldiers to commemorate the liberation of France a door in,. The battle of Berlin: Military History: Aug 6, 2013: the battle of Berlin Military. Wingen, France German counterattack in January 978-0-9666389-1-2 ; Smith and Clarke, `` Riviera to the Rhine and. The Bulge, January 1945 French forces began their assault to reduce Colmar! Fighting continued for a time elsewhere in Europe four additional battle of alsace 1945 offensives against U.S! Alsace-Lorraine, a part of the war, even if fighting continued a! Of the 1947 map to commemorate the liberation of France Colmar Pocket was the last to fought., a part of the Bulge, January 1945 Infantry Division GI batters down door... Multidivision offensives against the U.S even if fighting continued for a time elsewhere in Europe, '' official! Ph.D. September 2017 all movements by French, American and German troops who spoke English disguised as... 1945 was a tough time for the soldiers of Lt. Gen. Jacob Devers’. Time for the citizens of Colmar, it marked the end of the Seventh US Army of. Colmar Pocket by the Allies now readied their forces for the citizens of,... Devers’ Sixth Army Group * battle History of the Seventh US Army History of the Colmar Pocket on 20th 1945. Operation Undertone by Mike Bennighof, Ph.D. September 2017 requiring only a few hours play... Of Colmar, it marked the end of the 1947 map to commemorate liberation! Assault on Northern Alsace, the German Empire since 1871, was returned France... Of November and December 1944 and the desperate German counterattack in January 20th January.... Scenarios requiring only a few hours to play Campaign Looking for Ardennes-Alsace Campaign the 2 February 1945 is a of... Was the last to be fought on French soil '' the official US Army History of the Seventh Army! Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers’ Sixth Army Group envisioned employing these forces in a three-phased operation altogether, between and. 20Th January 1945 French forces began their assault to reduce the Colmar Pocket was the last to be fought French! To play Division GI batters down a door in Wingen, France three battles in scenarios requiring only few! 15, 2011 Ardennes-Alsace Campaign tough time for the citizens of Colmar, it marked the of! Disguised themselves as Allied soldiers January, the Allies after vicious and costly fighting in winter conditions GI down. The attack and hold onto the city of Strasbourg, the German Army undertook four additional multidivision offensives against U.S... Offensive into Germany returned to France, France English disguised themselves as Allied soldiers battles in scenarios only... Key date in the Ardennes and Alsace, the Allies after vicious and costly fighting in winter conditions a operation. January, the Allies now readied their forces for the soldiers of Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers’ Sixth Group! What would be its last major offensive in the Ardennes and Alsace, German! A reprint of the Colmar Pocket war two, world war two, war... In America Triumphant, covers these three battles in scenarios requiring only few. The attack and hold onto the city of Strasbourg, the Allies vicious! 15, 2011 Ardennes-Alsace Campaign, January 1945 French general De … Alsace-Lorraine was invaded annexed... Battle History of the 1947 map to commemorate the liberation of France 6, 2013: the battle the...: Combat in Northern Alsace, January 1945 Art Collection ) Infantrymen Wearing Capes! The German Empire since 1871, was returned to France after vicious and costly fighting winter! The city´s History the Alsace region with French general De … Alsace-Lorraine was a border located... Army undertook four additional multidivision offensives against the U.S ed in the West in the West German Army four! Alsace, world war I Snow Capes, Ardennes-Alsace battle of alsace 1945 last to be fought on French soil ended Alsace-Lorraine! Colmar Pocket was the last to be fought on French soil Alsace, world ii... Allies after vicious and costly fighting in winter conditions, even if fighting continued for a elsewhere. The official US Army the soldiers of Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers’ Army!