For whatever reason, however, the fate of Shah Shuja and his treasure never seems to have excited the same attention. Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk was the Amir of Afghanistan from 1802 until 1809 when he was driven out by Mahmud Shah. The victorious Babur received reports that the Fort of Agra housed an immense treasure, which included a diamond that defied all description. [19], Shuja and his entourage arrived in Arakan on 26 August 1660,[20] and were greeted at the capital, Mrauk U, with courtesy. [22], Shuja's wealth was taken and melted down by Sanda Thudhamma, who took the Mughal princesses into his harem. But did it ever cross the Naf River, to reach Mrohaung? Finally, the latter demanded the hand of Shuja's daughter in marriage, which the prince refused. After his defeat, Shuja retreated towards Bengal. Shah Shuja first married Bilqis Banu Begum, the daughter of Rustam Mirza, on the night of Saturday, 5 March 1633. The prince had two hundred soldiers with him, as well as the support of the local Muslims, giving him a good chance at success. He signed a treaty with his elder brother, Dara, which left him in control of Bengal, Orissa and a large part of Bihar, on 17 May 1658. The other source I gave to Bruce to translate was perhaps the most revealing of all the Afghan accounts of the 1839 war: the Waqi’at-i-Shah Shuja, Shah Shuja’s own very colourful and sympathetic memoirs, written in exile in Ludhiana just before the war and brought up to date by one of his followers after his assassination in 1842. Dhaka, a city bursting with history and so rich in culture that most of it goes unnoticed over the hustle bustle of the now thriving metropolis. Unfortunately, the damage had been done. What we also know is that the area behind Kolatoli Beach in today’s Cox’s Bazar became known as “Palongki Beach,” as the site is where the thousand palanquins encamped. In the spring of 1839, the British invaded Afghanistan for the first time. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. The Raja asked Shah Shuja to attend him in the Court. “It is the characterisation of the battle between Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk and Dost Mohammad Khan of Kabul, which started in 1838. Shojāʿ ascended the throne in 1803 after a long fratricidal war. All, and more, lend themselves to tales of imagination and research. Now only Dara Shikoh was in Delhi with his father. Shah Shuja sent his son. The party first arrived at Chittagong and remained for some time. The wandering prince set out to flee, leaving all his treasure-houses of knowledge and manuscripts, behind. Prince Murad had been made the ruler of Gujrat. Shah Shuja’s wife, in Lahore, cuts a deal with Ranjit Singh: the Kohinoor will be his if he can rescue Shuja. The remaining daughter, Amina Banu Begum, was brought to the palace, where, from grief, she died an early death. American and European leaders, mindful of the blood and treasure they've expended to defend Karzai's government, were baffled and offended. Shah Shuja, during his reign, was known to befriend Bengal’s zamindars. [1] Mir Jumla reached Dhaka on 9 May 1660 and was then appointed by Aurangzeb as the next Subahdar of Bengal. [21], After eight months and numerous excuses, Sanda Thudhamma's promise of ships did not materialise. A vow he fulfilled, which, although we know Jahangir to have been a very devout man, seems to speak volumes for his affection for Shah Shuja. As one modern history puts it, “This is the story of one of England’s most incompetent and unhappy monarchs, his missing royal regalia, a mysterious and possibly murderous monk,3,000 missing soldiers and servants and, perhaps, most lethally of all, the sea.”. "But the prince, although a fugitive arid in necessity, could not for sake his dignity, holding himself to be a much greater man. Dalrymple opens his book in 1809, as the young Shah Shuja ul-Mulk has just recovered a lost family treasure, the largest diamond in the world, the famous Koh-i-Nur, or Mountain of Light. Shah left the city accompanied by so much gold and so many gems that the looted treasure required 700 elephants, 4,000 camels, and 12,000 horses to pull it. ... Shah Shuja Durrani brought the Kohinoor back to India in 1813 and gave it to Ranjit Singh,the ruler of Lahore, in exchange for his help in winning back the throne of Afghanistan. On 23 February 1633, the wedding presents worth Rupees 10 lakhs were displayed by Jahanara Begum and Sati-un-nissa Khanum. Shuja arrived at Chittagong and stayed for some time, from where he took the land route to Arakan which is still called Shuja Road. A road still known to some as “Shuja Road.”. Died 7 February 1661 (aged 44) near Mrohaung (Mrauk-U), Arakan. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, Mughal Emperor, Nur-ud-din Muhammad Jahangir, Mughal Emperor, Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I, Mughal Emperor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shah_Shuja_(Mughal_prince)&oldid=994166495, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from August 2013, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, JN Sarkar (ed), History of Bengal, vol II, Dhaka, 1948, JN Sarkar, History of Aurangzib, vol II, New Delhi, 1972–74, A Karim, History of Bengal, Mughal Period, vol II, Rajshahi, 1995, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 11:59. 8/C, FR Tower, Panthapath, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh. Unwilling to part with such a precious treasure as the KohiNur, Shah Shuja`, was … At the beginning of the 18 th century, the huge diamond was part of the immense treasures of the Mughal of the time, Emperor Mohammed Shah Rangila. Shah Zaman, Shuja's elder brother and predecessor on the throne of Afghanistan, was said to have hidden the gem shortly before being captured and blinded by his enemies. Actually, we have reason to believe that, in fact, Shah Shuja fled his undoubted falling out with the king, through the hills to Tripura, whence, still pursued by Aurangzeb’s forces, he moved on to Manipur, where he finally disappears from history. Shuja was, therefore, forced to set fire to the city, hoping to cut his way out in the confusion. He was pursued by the imperial army under Mir Jumla. Please read our Comment Policy before posting. A story that continues to fascinate, intrigue and resonate even today. Prince Shah Shuja was the second son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz Mahal. "But the prince, although a fugitive arid in necessity, could not for sake his dignity, holding himself to be a much greater man. That same year, the British East India Company also began overtures to form an alliance with the king. at wikipedia.com, the subjected article is totally misleading specifically the "Death and aftermath" part is completely wrong. Copyright Ⓒ 2012-2019. [13], His third wife was the daughter of Raja Tamsen of Kishtwar. The latter could not compare in dignity, Shah Shuja was born on 23 June 1616, in Ajmer. It could give rise to the suspicion that, as some believe, it lies undiscovered in one or some of the many caves in the cliffs or hills of the Bangladesh Riviera in the lands that now adjoin the Naf River, or in the hills behind. e. Padshah Sultan Shuja Shah Abdali Durrani (also known as Shah Shuja, Shoja Shah) (4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. 2. Find Info You May Not See Elsewhere With Peoplelooker®. Shah Shuja proclaimed himself as Emperor, but Aurangzeb ascended the throne of Dehli and sent Mir Jumla to subjugate Shuja. He had already sent his three other sons out of Delhi. Shuja's siblings were Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. They installed Shah Shuja as ruler in Jalalabad and forced Dost Moammad to flee the country. The Taj Mahal is India’s most famous monument and it was built for the beloved of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, his wife Mumtaz Mahal. But the legend, like all legends of lost treasures around the world tend to, has persisted. [1] He retreated, first to Tandah and then to Dhaka, on 12 April 1660. Shah Shuja`, who lay in chains in a dungeon, was rescued and escorted to Lahore. He managed the tripartite treatybetween the English, Ranjit Singh and Shah Shuja in June 1838. The marriage was arranged by Princess Jahanara Begum. Look Up Any Name. From here, they took the land route to Arakan, which is still called Shuja Road. A country like this could be governed only with skill, strategy and a full treasure chest. After an intensive siege, the Mughals captured Chittagong and thousands of Arakanese were taken into slavery. Shah Shuja. Shuja marched to the capital again, this time against Aurangzeb. Already, the reader should begin to feel heart beat increasing. Tomb of Bilqis Begum|Author Bilqis Begum, the wife of Shah Jahan’s son Shah Shuja, also died in Burhanpur and is buried in a tomb unlike any other funerary building in India. However, he was finally defeated in the last battle in April 1660. It can only be imagined how lengthy was the line strung out on the way along what is still the road to Cox’s Bazar and Teknaf. He had three sons - Sultan Zain-ul-Din (Bon Sultan or Sultan Bang), Buland Akhtar and Zainul Abidin; and four daughters - … Shah Shuja’s retinue left Tandah with thousand palanquins (carriers) carrying the harem ladies. According to a number of historians, the river fort was built by Mir Jumla II, a Subahdar of Bengal under the Mughal Empire, to establish the control of Mughal Empire in Munsiganj, and to defend Dhaka and Narayanganj from the pirates.. 1739: The Kohinoor, set in the head of one of the peacocks on Shah Jahan’s Peacock Throne, leaves India and the Mughal treasury when Nader Shah carted away the … One such zamindar was ‘Nirshingorai’, the owner of ‘Shingobari’ (Lion’s house). So when at the beginning of 1809 messengers arrived from the Punjab bearing news of an East India Company Embassy heading north from Delhi seeking an urgent alliance with him, Shah Shuja had good reason to be pleased. The procession that left Chittagong in late May, 1660, included, it is said, 1,000 palanquins to carry the ladies of his enormous court and entourage. The agricultural wealth of the province was matched only by the enormous flow of trade that had flourished in the lands of the Ganges Delta, by that time, for more than 2,000 years. Shah Shuja was infuriated when he inspected his brother's treasury, and realized that the Durranis' most prized possession, the Koh-i-Noor, was missing. 2. Shah Shuja reached Manipur in December 1661 according to Cheitharol Kumbaba. Migrant workers propped it up. But in 1841 Dost Moammad returned to Afghanistan to lead an uprising against the invaders and Shah Shuja. He was the second son and child of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz Mahal. 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