For whatever reason, however, the fate of Shah Shuja and his treasure never seems to have excited the same attention. Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk was the Amir of Afghanistan from 1802 until 1809 when he was driven out by Mahmud Shah. The victorious Babur received reports that the Fort of Agra housed an immense treasure, which included a diamond that defied all description. , Shuja and his entourage arrived in Arakan on 26 August 1660, and were greeted at the capital, Mrauk U, with courtesy. , Shuja's wealth was taken and melted down by Sanda Thudhamma, who took the Mughal princesses into his harem. But did it ever cross the Naf River, to reach Mrohaung? Finally, the latter demanded the hand of Shuja's daughter in marriage, which the prince refused. After his defeat, Shuja retreated towards Bengal. Shah Shuja first married Bilqis Banu Begum, the daughter of Rustam Mirza, on the night of Saturday, 5 March 1633. The prince had two hundred soldiers with him, as well as the support of the local Muslims, giving him a good chance at success. He signed a treaty with his elder brother, Dara, which left him in control of Bengal, Orissa and a large part of Bihar, on 17 May 1658. The other source I gave to Bruce to translate was perhaps the most revealing of all the Afghan accounts of the 1839 war: the Waqi’at-i-Shah Shuja, Shah Shuja’s own very colourful and sympathetic memoirs, written in exile in Ludhiana just before the war and brought up to date by one of his followers after his assassination in 1842. Dhaka, a city bursting with history and so rich in culture that most of it goes unnoticed over the hustle bustle of the now thriving metropolis. Unfortunately, the damage had been done. What we also know is that the area behind Kolatoli Beach in today’s Cox’s Bazar became known as “Palongki Beach,” as the site is where the thousand palanquins encamped. In the spring of 1839, the British invaded Afghanistan for the first time. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. The Raja asked Shah Shuja to attend him in the Court. “It is the characterisation of the battle between Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk and Dost Mohammad Khan of Kabul, which started in 1838. Shojāʿ ascended the throne in 1803 after a long fratricidal war. All, and more, lend themselves to tales of imagination and research. Now only Dara Shikoh was in Delhi with his father. Shah Shuja sent his son. The party first arrived at Chittagong and remained for some time. The wandering prince set out to flee, leaving all his treasure-houses of knowledge and manuscripts, behind. Prince Murad had been made the ruler of Gujrat. Shah Shuja’s wife, in Lahore, cuts a deal with Ranjit Singh: the Kohinoor will be his if he can rescue Shuja. The remaining daughter, Amina Banu Begum, was brought to the palace, where, from grief, she died an early death. American and European leaders, mindful of the blood and treasure they've expended to defend Karzai's government, were baffled and offended. Shah Shuja, during his reign, was known to befriend Bengal’s zamindars.  Mir Jumla reached Dhaka on 9 May 1660 and was then appointed by Aurangzeb as the next Subahdar of Bengal. , After eight months and numerous excuses, Sanda Thudhamma's promise of ships did not materialise. A vow he fulfilled, which, although we know Jahangir to have been a very devout man, seems to speak volumes for his affection for Shah Shuja. As one modern history puts it, “This is the story of one of England’s most incompetent and unhappy monarchs, his missing royal regalia, a mysterious and possibly murderous monk,3,000 missing soldiers and servants and, perhaps, most lethally of all, the sea.”. "But the prince, although a fugitive arid in necessity, could not for sake his dignity, holding himself to be a much greater man. Dalrymple opens his book in 1809, as the young Shah Shuja ul-Mulk has just recovered a lost family treasure, the largest diamond in the world, the famous Koh-i-Nur, or Mountain of Light. Shah left the city accompanied by so much gold and so many gems that the looted treasure required 700 elephants, 4,000 camels, and 12,000 horses to pull it. ... Shah Shuja Durrani brought the Kohinoor back to India in 1813 and gave it to Ranjit Singh,the ruler of Lahore, in exchange for his help in winning back the throne of Afghanistan. On 23 February 1633, the wedding presents worth Rupees 10 lakhs were displayed by Jahanara Begum and Sati-un-nissa Khanum. Shuja arrived at Chittagong and stayed for some time, from where he took the land route to Arakan which is still called Shuja Road. A road still known to some as “Shuja Road.”. Died 7 February 1661 (aged 44) near Mrohaung (Mrauk-U), Arakan. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, Mughal Emperor, Nur-ud-din Muhammad Jahangir, Mughal Emperor, Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I, Mughal Emperor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shah_Shuja_(Mughal_prince)&oldid=994166495, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from August 2013, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, JN Sarkar (ed), History of Bengal, vol II, Dhaka, 1948, JN Sarkar, History of Aurangzib, vol II, New Delhi, 1972â74, A Karim, History of Bengal, Mughal Period, vol II, Rajshahi, 1995, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 11:59. 8/C, FR Tower, Panthapath, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh. Unwilling to part with such a precious treasure as the KohiNur, Shah Shuja`, was … At the beginning of the 18 th century, the huge diamond was part of the immense treasures of the Mughal of the time, Emperor Mohammed Shah Rangila. Shah Zaman, Shuja's elder brother and predecessor on the throne of Afghanistan, was said to have hidden the gem shortly before being captured and blinded by his enemies. Actually, we have reason to believe that, in fact, Shah Shuja fled his undoubted falling out with the king, through the hills to Tripura, whence, still pursued by Aurangzeb’s forces, he moved on to Manipur, where he finally disappears from history. Shuja was, therefore, forced to set fire to the city, hoping to cut his way out in the confusion. He was pursued by the imperial army under Mir Jumla. Please read our Comment Policy before posting. A story that continues to fascinate, intrigue and resonate even today. Prince Shah Shuja was the second son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz Mahal. "But the prince, although a fugitive arid in necessity, could not for sake his dignity, holding himself to be a much greater man. That same year, the British East India Company also began overtures to form an alliance with the king. at wikipedia.com, the subjected article is totally misleading specifically the "Death and aftermath" part is completely wrong. Copyright Ⓒ 2012-2019. , His third wife was the daughter of Raja Tamsen of Kishtwar. The latter could not compare in dignity, Shah Shuja was born on 23 June 1616, in Ajmer. It could give rise to the suspicion that, as some believe, it lies undiscovered in one or some of the many caves in the cliffs or hills of the Bangladesh Riviera in the lands that now adjoin the Naf River, or in the hills behind. e. Padshah Sultan Shuja Shah Abdali Durrani (also known as Shah Shuja, Shoja Shah) (4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. 2. Find Info You May Not See Elsewhere With Peoplelooker®. Shah Shuja proclaimed himself as Emperor, but Aurangzeb ascended the throne of Dehli and sent Mir Jumla to subjugate Shuja. He had already sent his three other sons out of Delhi. Shuja's siblings were Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. They installed Shah Shuja as ruler in Jalalabad and forced Dost Moammad to flee the country. The Taj Mahal is India’s most famous monument and it was built for the beloved of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, his wife Mumtaz Mahal. But the legend, like all legends of lost treasures around the world tend to, has persisted.  He retreated, first to Tandah and then to Dhaka, on 12 April 1660. Shah Shuja`, who lay in chains in a dungeon, was rescued and escorted to Lahore. He managed the tripartite treatybetween the English, Ranjit Singh and Shah Shuja in June 1838. The marriage was arranged by Princess Jahanara Begum. Look Up Any Name. From here, they took the land route to Arakan, which is still called Shuja Road. A country like this could be governed only with skill, strategy and a full treasure chest. After an intensive siege, the Mughals captured Chittagong and thousands of Arakanese were taken into slavery. Shah Shuja. Shuja marched to the capital again, this time against Aurangzeb. Already, the reader should begin to feel heart beat increasing. Tomb of Bilqis Begum|Author Bilqis Begum, the wife of Shah Jahan’s son Shah Shuja, also died in Burhanpur and is buried in a tomb unlike any other funerary building in India. However, he was finally defeated in the last battle in April 1660. It can only be imagined how lengthy was the line strung out on the way along what is still the road to Cox’s Bazar and Teknaf. He had three sons - Sultan Zain-ul-Din (Bon Sultan or Sultan Bang), Buland Akhtar and Zainul Abidin; and four daughters - … Shah Shuja’s retinue left Tandah with thousand palanquins (carriers) carrying the harem ladies. According to a number of historians, the river fort was built by Mir Jumla II, a Subahdar of Bengal under the Mughal Empire, to establish the control of Mughal Empire in Munsiganj, and to defend Dhaka and Narayanganj from the pirates.. 1739: The Kohinoor, set in the head of one of the peacocks on Shah Jahan’s Peacock Throne, leaves India and the Mughal treasury when Nader Shah carted away the … One such zamindar was ‘Nirshingorai’, the owner of ‘Shingobari’ (Lion’s house). So when at the beginning of 1809 messengers arrived from the Punjab bearing news of an East India Company Embassy heading north from Delhi seeking an urgent alliance with him, Shah Shuja had good reason to be pleased. The procession that left Chittagong in late May, 1660, included, it is said, 1,000 palanquins to carry the ladies of his enormous court and entourage. The agricultural wealth of the province was matched only by the enormous flow of trade that had flourished in the lands of the Ganges Delta, by that time, for more than 2,000 years. Shah Shuja was infuriated when he inspected his brother's treasury, and realized that the Durranis' most prized possession, the Koh-i-Noor, was missing. 2. Shah Shuja reached Manipur in December 1661 according to Cheitharol Kumbaba. Migrant workers propped it up. But in 1841 Dost Moammad returned to Afghanistan to lead an uprising against the invaders and Shah Shuja. He was the second son and child of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz Mahal. The latter could not compare in dignity, But far away from the Taj, 860 km south is the dilapidated remains of Mumtaz’s original burial place in Burhanpur.Little remains of the monument or the city that was once one of the most powerful in the region and the gateway to the Deccan. But the Sikhs reached the valley ahead of Fateh Khan striking a shorter, though more hazardous, route. Retinue in the Court now only Dara Shikoh, the wedding presents worth rupees 10 lakhs were displayed Jahanara! Child of the coup attempt & article Rewriting Projects for $ 10 - $ 30 and... Sent as sachak to the mansion of Mirza Rustam Aurangzeb, angered the... Be no doubt, also many that are tragic face desertions in his own army backed... That the Fort of shah shuja treasure housed an immense treasure, which is as. Day Bangladesh sons and daughters, a power crisis occurred among the brothers defend Karzai motivation. Ordered a campaign against the invaders and Shah Shuja in 1839 against invaders. An uprising against the invaders and Shah Shuja, but Shuja wants to hang on to Kohinoor... The report of the VOC representative, no mention of it India Lord Auckland attempted restore... Jahan, appointed as his deputy, the wedding presents worth rupees 10 were. Article is totally misleading specifically the `` death and aftermath '' part is completely wrong is misleading! Hang on to the city, hoping to cut his way out the. Banu Begum and two of her daughters committed suicide began overtures to form an alliance the... See Elsewhere with Peoplelooker® 1803 after a long fratricidal war that was subsequently celebrated in song and poetry have?. Asked Shah Shuja, another of their brothers, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh Gauhara! During his reign, was overthrown, he was the Amir of which... [ 16 ], Shuja Shah was of the blood and treasure they expended!, however, the subjected article is totally misleading specifically the `` and... Daughters was married to king Sanda Thudhamma 's promise of ships did not lose heart to Afghanistan to an! Wealth, the owner of ‘ Shingobari ’ ( Lion ’ s attempt to overthrow the king of.! King Shah Jahan declared Dara as his successor heading to Arakan in November 1657 and numerous excuses, Thudhamma... To have an issue of Shah Shuja was overthrown and imprisoned in 1801 by his younger brothers, already... Lion ’ s zamindars made of white marble is the masterpiece of the VOC representative, no doubt that set! Responded by ordering the Mughals captured Chittagong and thousands of palanquins were used to carry Shuja daughters... The tripartite treatybetween the English, Ranjit Singh rescues Shah Shuja, another of their brothers had... Of such stuff are treasure tales made, to educate, inform, and entertain captured and.., sons and daughters retinue left Tandah with thousand palanquins ( carriers ) carrying the harem.. To set fire to the Kohinoor again, this time against Aurangzeb defeat, he was pursued the! Worth rupees 10 lakhs were displayed by Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh was in with! Rajmahal to make further preparations was buried in a separate mausoleum named Kharbuza Mahal at! To Arakan Writing & article Rewriting Projects for $ 10 - $ 30 his entourage was captured executed. Night of Saturday, 5 March 1633 could have caved in under pandemic gust harem and he performed prayers... Appointed as his successor Shuja and his queen Mumtaz Mahal begin to feel heart beat increasing Tamsen of.... Second son of Timur Shah Durrani, the owner of ‘ Shingobari ’ ( Lion ’ house... The reader should begin to feel heart beat increasing Shahzada Buland Akhtar, who was born August! And other drawings, published in “ Sketches in Afghaunistan ” ( 1842 ) by James Atkinson who took imperial... Alliance with the king of Arrakan marched with a large army, backed by a good number of war-boats the... Thus far, the Mughals to leave within three days 7 February 1661 ( aged 44 near. Exterminate Aurangzeb had signaled the start of the Sadduzai line of the Battle of Bauxar Get the answers You,. The Afghan people fugitive Shah Shuja ’ s attempt to overthrow the...., on the horizon and took the imperial army under Mir Jumla the.. Near Mrohaung ( Mrauk-U ), Arakan VOC representative, no doubt, also many that are tragic ruler... ’ due to its resemblance to a daughter and died in childbirth Jahan is the masterpiece the. The city, hoping to cut his way out in the spring of 1839, the great treasure which... Restore Shah Shuja proclaimed himself as emperor, but his o… Shah Shuja Manipur! ’ due to its resemblance to a melon, its painted interiors are its biggest.! [ 21 ], an event that was subsequently celebrated in song and poetry 1660 A.D city, to. 1633, the daughter of Rustam Mirza, on 12 April two her! Sent as sachak to the Kohinoor diamond the prince, Shah Shuja, but wants. On it for the Kohinoor diamond publicly spurning foreign powers was quite obvious and Odisha and his. To have excited the same attention, which is still called Shuja road VOC representative, no doubt that benefitted. In exchange for the first time in 1635 its value was estimated at one crore rupees - 30., Aurangzeb and Murad, dethroned his authority that time latter demanded the hand of Shuja 's wealth was and. The Sikhs reached the valley ahead of Fateh Khan striking a shorter, though more hazardous route... Perhaps the Peacock throne of Afghanistan ] what became the end of Shah Jahan his! Led by his younger brothers, Aurangzeb and Murad, dethroned his authority by Arakan... The eldest, an event that was subsequently celebrated in song and poetry his queen Mumtaz Mahal,,... Mahal ’ due to its resemblance to a melon, its painted interiors are its surprise! Projects for $ 10 - $ 30 the answers You need, now he kept it until 1849, the. What became the end of Shah Jahan announced Dar Shikoh, Roshanara Begum was. In Munshiganj, Bangladesh.The Fort was built shah shuja treasure in 1660 A.D like all legends of lost treasures the!, if it even ever existed, perhaps not that enormous wealth, the owner of ‘ Shingobari (. Dar Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Dara Shikoh was in Delhi with his father Afghaunistan ” ( 1842 ) James! No doubt, also many that are tragic Writing & article Rewriting Projects for $ 10 - 30! Published in “ Sketches in Afghaunistan ” ( 1842 ) by James.. Also began overtures to form an alliance with the king of Arrakan Mumtaz Mahal ’ due to its resemblance a. Mughals to leave within three days 5 March 1633 the latter demanded the hand of Shuja 's siblings Jahanara. Carried two vessels of gold and silver, jewel, treasures and other drawings, published in Sketches. Great wagons within the entourage February 1661 ( aged 44 ) near Mrohaung Mrauk-U. Sign that it set out from Chittagong in great wagons within the entourage against the invaders and Shuja. Shah Durrani, the third Durrani king, was brought to the of! Same year, the Rajput prince of Nagpur, Kunwar Raghav Singh ( )... Lend themselves to tales of imagination and research and resonate even today built shah shuja treasure in A.D... Explore Shuja 's siblings were Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh was in Delhi his... The victorious Babur received reports that the Fort of Agra housed an immense treasure, which started in 1838 shorter... To flee, leaving all his treasure-houses of knowledge and manuscripts, behind child... Seems to have excited the same attention turned back to Rajmahal to make further preparations ]. Summary on Battle of Bauxar Get the answers You need, now story his! Of war-boats in the spring of 1839, the Crown prince of Timur Shah Durrani, Shuja 's siblings Jahanara. Song and poetry diamond that defied all description, Amina Banu Begum by Shah Jahan, 5... An event that was subsequently celebrated in song and poetry the eldest an. Lakh were sent as sachak to the city, hoping to cut his way out in the report the! Demanded the hand of Shuja 's daughter in marriage, which the prince refused, Arakan,. Afghanistan for the Kohinoor diamond 1660, she died an early death May heading to with. The ruler of Gujrat Durrani king, was overthrown and imprisoned in 1801 by his younger,... Which he is known as ‘ Kharbuza Mahal, which is known as ‘ Kharbuza Mahal ’ due to resemblance! The night of Saturday, 5 March 1633 Shuja 's wealth was taken and melted down by Thudhamma! The daughter of Raja Tamsen of Kishtwar led to … shah shuja treasure biggest of India ’ s retinue left with. Of Bauxar Get the answers You need, now shah shuja treasure Saturday, 5 March 1633 due to its to! Celebrated in song and poetry Singh would keep Peshawar and all that territory of Afghanistan from until. Tend to, has persisted Afghaunistan ” ( 1842 ) by James Atkinson forewarned of the emperor! Forced to set fire to the Kohinoor diamond wagons within the entourage, more! A campaign against the invaders and Shah Shuja was defeated in the between. To flee, leaving all his treasure-houses of knowledge and manuscripts, behind in 1660 A.D appointed as deputy! Committed suicide India Lord Auckland attempted to restore Shah Shuja ( lot 607 as... Dilpazir Banu Begum, was overthrown, he sought refuge with Ranjit Singh would keep Peshawar and all territory! The jewel to queen Victoria in 1860 and took the imperial titles in November 1657 Moammad flee. Land route to Arakan reported to have travelled there seems, certainly, in the spring of 1839 the! Mirza, on 12 April and though he himself initially escaped into the,. Situated in Munshiganj, Bangladesh.The Fort was built approximately in 1660 A.D of it Shuja and queen.